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  1. Pimple Zone added a blog entry in pimples on forehead's Blog   

    Discussing The Rarest Types Of Acne
    Just when you thought you knew it all about acne, more information pops up that makes you wash your face a little harder and stay away from that pepperoni pizza. Most people who deal with acne know a little bit about the more common types of acne, such as the varied varieties of acne vulgaris like hormonal acne. But this skin disease unfortunately has a lot more to offer. Some individuals are struck with rare and incredibly severe types of acne that literally change the way they live their lives.
    Acne is something so incredibly common that nearly 80% of all people in the Western world will deal with it, primarily when they’re teenagers, and the other 20% will most likely deal with blackheads, occasional pimples, ingrown hairs, and other gland inflammations that create blemishes. In short, no one gets through life with perfect skin.
    Below, we will go over some of the rarest types of acne out there and what the individual diseases bring to those afflicted with them.
    Rare Types of Acne That Exist
    Acne Inversa
    Although this acne type, known technically as hidradenitis suppurativa, is rare, it’s not nearly rare enough once you factor in the 7 billion people on the planet. Those unlucky enough to contract acne inversa start out with typical blackheads. Nothing conspicuous about that, of course; billions of people deal with blackheads. But rather than the pores being cleansed or either inflaming in the way a regular pimple would, the blackheads become incredibly painful red bumps that are deeply rooted inside of the skin. Huge puss-filled nodules form inside of the skin and can last for weeks, months, or even years in some rare cases.
    The most troubling part about this type of acne is that the pain usually persists as long as the bump persists, and attempting to pop it like a normal pimple will only make it worse. The swelling within the skin creates a sunken look on the surface, surrounded by a red rash. The pain is so severe in some cases that people need surgery and medication in order to cope in their daily lives.
    Pyoderma Faciale
    Of all the rare types of acne, pyoderma faciale is one of the only types that is specific to females. There are two serious consequences of this acne in the way it presents itself. Number one: The acne can come on without warning. One morning, you can have clear skin; the next morning, you can start to break out in large groupings of big red, painful sores and pustules.
    Number two: Pyoderma faciale can happen to women who haven’t experienced acne before in their lives. So there are no warning signs and no real ways to stop it from happening.
    It can be treated with medications like Accutane and steroid injections, but the potential for scarring is almost a guarantee when you’re dealing with this rare type of acne.
    Gram-Negative Folliculitis
    Thankfully, this rare and severe type of acne is typically only a result of antibiotic side effects. This means losing the genetic lottery or being exposed to someone with the condition isn’t going to increase your odds of getting it. Gram-negative folliculitis is a rare type of acne that presents itself as large cysts and pustules. The cysts themselves are large, painful and deeply rooted in the skin. They fill with puss and begin to swell, which causes more pain, more inflammation, and increases the risks of scarring.
    Other than doctors pinpointing the cause of this rare acne type, little more is known. It cannot be prevented. If you’re taking antibiotics, it’s a crap shoot. And in terms of treatment options, over-the-counter remedies seem to have little effect.
    Halogen Acne
    There are many types of acne that are caused by outside influences, presenting themselves like allergic reactions, but halogen acne is one of the rarest. This is a type of acne that’s caused by bromides, fluorides, iodides, and other halogens that are introduced through drugs or other substances. The condition itself is called halogenoderma, but it presents just like severe acne: Deep-rooted cysts and nodules, pustules, inflammation, pain, redness, etc.
    The breakout itself can be treated with basic acne-fighting medications to lessen the severity, but the acne isn’t going to subside completely until the substances are out of the body. For instance, if the acne happened as a result of fluoride, it will continue until the use of fluoride is discontinued, taking several weeks to dissipate thereafter.
    On its face, chloracne doesn’t sound that bad. It’s characterized as an acne-like skin eruption, only you’re dealing with raised blackheads, not red, inflamed, painful pustules and nodules. So, a few blackheads are easy enough to deal with. Right? Well, not exactly. What makes this rare acne type so worrisome is that the entire face typically tends to get covered in these raised blackheads, and the longer they persist, the more chance they have of turning into long-term cysts and pustules.
    Dioxins, dibenzofurans and other halogenated aromatic compounds cause this type of acne, and it typically spreads across the cheeks, chin, forehead, and even around the back of the neck and under the ears. It can be treated like halogen acne, by removing the substance, but much more skincare may have to go in to removing the blackheads and resurfacing the face.
    These rare types of acne can all be painful, and they will all almost certainly lead to scarring if not handled quickly and effectively. The good news is their rarity; the bad news is their severity.
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    The Truth About Spironolactone
    Although it paints a negative picture in some peoples’ minds, there are all kinds of scientists and researchers working in laboratory conditions in order to find cures for acne. Sometimes, however, drugs that were designed to do other things end up working very well on skin conditions like acne, in what can only be called a happy accident. The Spironolactone acne medication is one such incident.
    The actual drug itself was designed to help with fluid retention and other disorders, but trials eventually found that taking Spironolactone could have a very positive effect on those afflicted with acne – even severe acne.

    What is Spironolactone?

    The Spironolactone acne drug is actually called Aldactone, and it is a specific aldosterone drug that binds the body’s receptors so that aldosterone-dependent/sodium-potassium exchanges cannot take place. Because of this inability to bind, more sodium and water is released by the kidneys, and ultimately flushed from the body, while potassium is retained.
    The drug is a synthetic steroid that works very well as a diuretic and antihypertensive. In layman’s terms, the drug flushes the body of various substances, including androgen – one of the primary hormones responsible for acne breakouts, specifically amongst teenagers.
    Although magazines and such list the Spironolactone acne remedy as something that’s relatively new, the drug itself has been around since 1959. However, it wasn’t until recently that people began to find out the drug could actually work to treat hormonal acne.

    Is the Drug Beneficial?

    Spironolactone treats fluid retention, high blood pressure, and other ailments. To date, the FDA doesn’t recognize Aldactone as a prescribed acne medication, but there are many different scientific cases of people taking Spironolactone for acne and having positive benefits.
    However, it’s very important to note that this drug doesn’t deal with acne in general. Because of its function of releasing androgen from the body, it is only effective with hormonal acne. So if acne is caused by another source—from poor hygiene to genetics—one might find that the drug doesn’t work.
    Obviously, being a synthetic steroid, Spironolactone isn’t available as an over-the-counter drug. It can only be prescribed by a doctor, and a doctor may not prescribe the drug for acne. Some dermatologists do prescribe it if they feel as if the acne is caused by overactive hormones. In such cases, acne has shown to reduce in size and frequency as the body flushes out more androgen.

    Known Side Effects of the Drug

    Since this drug has been around for over 50 years, there are many documented side effects. But let’s put this into a greater context. There are different levels of side effects, which depend on what one is taking the drug for, and the actual amount of the drug taken. For instance, people who take Spironolactone for fluid retention issues in low doses typically show very minimal side effects. Contrarily, people who take higher doses of the drug for more serious issues typically tend to display more serious side effects.
    In a lower dosage, Spironolactone is a very safe drug. Some of the more common side effects from low dosage include:
    · Stomach cramps
    · Increased thirst
    · Chills
    · Confusion
    · Drowsiness
    · Dizziness
    · Heartburn
    · Headache
    · Itching
    · Indigestion
    · Sore throat
    · Skin rash
    · Puffy eyelids
    · Bad breath

    These side effects are typically very short-term and relatively benign. However, side effects of Spironolactone do get worse. Some higher dosage side effects are more serious and include:
    · Severe stomach pain
    · Weight gain
    · Yellow skin
    · Tightness in chest
    · Trouble breathing
    · Swelling of the breast
    · Difficulty swallowing
    · Blood in the urine
    · Bleeding gums
    · Convulsions
    · Fever
    · Hives

    Then, of course, there is always the risk of allergic reaction. This isn’t contained to Spironolactone; an individual may be allergic to any type of drug and may present side effects such as:
    · Irregular heartbeat
    · Hives coupled with rash, swelling, pain, etc
    · Severe chest pain
    · Vomiting blood
    · Coma
    · And even death

    Going into anaphylactic shock is always something to be mindful of if you have a history of allergic reactions at all. At the first onset of symptoms, you should see a physician to ensure that you don’t end up suffering from a severe allergic reaction.
    Although the abovementioned side effects do seem scary, it’s important to remember that we’re dealing with over 50 years worth of side effects from a very popular drug. The majority of people who take Spironolactone report very minimal side effects, with only a few suffering from severe side effects or allergic reactions.
    In terms of the effectiveness of a Spironolactone acne remedy, the drug does have its benefits. But, remember, it will only work for hormonal acne, not for any other type of acne you have.
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    Do Home Remedies Actually Work?
    There’s a question that millions of acne sufferers ask themselves as some point in their lives: Do home remedies for acne really work? While those bottles of Clearasil sell for big money on the store shelves, other things, like eggs, herbs and spices, are relatively cheap. So can you really concoct an acne-fighting medication by using simple, everyday products at your home?
    The actual facts about home remedies of all sorts literally shatter some people’s hopes and dreams. Individuals tie a lot up in devising the perfect plan to fight their conditions and diseases at home, for little money, and with maximum effectiveness. Acne is certainly included in this list, and, unfortunately, most home remedies are snake oil.

    Vital Information about Home Remedies in General

    Although we’d all love to believe that mixing a little household item with a food ingredient creates this perfect concoction that can cure disease, the fact of the matter is that 99% of all home remedies are simply garbage. “But I know one that works,” you may be thinking. And, it might be true; perhaps you have a simple headache remedy or something you can use for your dry skin. It’s not impossible; there’s just a simple reason that billion-dollar drug industries exist: Holistic remedies are typically placebos.
    Faith and hope are the biggest drivers in the home remedy market. Back in the Bronze Age, a period where even people today consider the inhabitants to be special and wise (since they constructed today’s popular religions), sickness was believed to be caused by spirits, and animal sacrifices and other blood rituals were used to cure these illnesses. As you may imagine, most died.
    There were exceptions to the rule, of course. Those in the Orient began harnessing the power of herbs for relatively benign issues, but even the most potent herbs cannot cure true disease. Steve Jobs can attest to that.
    Home remedies for acne typically fall into the faith-and-hope realm. Not all of them are bogus, as we’ll discuss below, but most that you’re going to read about are pie-in-the-sky methods that will not cure your acne.

    Popular Home Remedies and the Truth About Them

    Cucumber Methods
    Cucumber masks, cucumber pulp, cucumber juice, cucumber slices – there are hundreds of different home remedies revolving around this garden vegetable as a cure. Cucumbers make for fantastic pickles, but they’re also said to be great acne-fighting remedies when combined with other ingredients like sugar, vinegar, and water.
    The truth: Cucumbers contain skin-soothing compounds that can help moisturize the face. This is why they’re so often used at expensive spas. A few cucumber slices over the eyes to help lessen the appearance of bags to retain that youthful glow – it works well. For acne, however, cucumbers fall short of actually getting to the root cause. They might help with surface issues, like texture, but not with fighting the condition.

    Lemon Methods
    Lemons are very acidic, and acid is a very popular ingredient used to fight acne. You can find salicylic acid in many OTC medications. Lemon methods include using lemon juice on the face as is, creating masks with other ingredients, rubbing lemon wedges over acne, etc.
    The truth: The acid contained within lemons is citric acid, which is greatly different than salicylic acid. If citric acid were effective in fighting acne, that would be the ingredient found within acne-fighting products. At best, citric acid can have a pore-tightening effect for a limited time, and it can help to aid in regular facial care as a bacteria remover.

    Oatmeal Methods
    Using plain oatmeal as a mask is said to be another in the long list of home remedies for acne. No doubt it is used by many people. Mixing the oatmeal with a little water and a little baking soda creates a clay-like mask that can be easily applied. It then dries up and is relatively easy to wash off.
    The truth: Oatmeal contains no anti-bacterial properties or any other “super” ingredients that will get rid of acne. You’re dealing with another product that, at best, will help to moisturize the skin. If you’re trying to fight dry skin and want to keep your pores cleaner, an oatmeal mask if fine. If you’re looking to fight acne, oatmeal actually helps you more if you eat it.

    Honey Methods
    Honey is an all-natural product produced by bees, and any supplement-freak knows all about bee products like propolis and pollen. Does honey also have these properties? For millions of people who use honey to fight acne, they believe it does.
    The truth: Honey is very sticky and, when used as part of a mask, can help to clean pores and moisturize the face. But when dealing with actual acne breakouts, such as huge pustules and papules, the extreme sugar content of honey may actually worsen the problem.

    There are home remedies for acne that can help, but only when used in conjunction with other medications, a healthy diet, and proper skincare. If you’re looking for a miracle acne remedy that can get rid of pimples, the closest you’re going to find is something like coconut oil or other products that have proven anti-bacterial properties. For everything else, there is no scientific evidence to back it up.
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    Acne Scars
    Acne is a skin disorder characterized by a small or big red lump on the skin. It is caused the overproduction of sebum or oil in the skin which when mixed with dead skin and bacteria, will clog the pores of the skin. Sebum is produced by the sebaceous gland and acne develops anywhere in the body where there are hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Acne occurs due to a lot of factors, hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, menopausal for older women, pre-menstrual syndrome, heredity, prolong use of oily cosmetics and skin ointments, or as a side effect of medications for epilepsy, stress and certain types of depression.
    The majority of people suffering from acne may tend to develop low self-esteem. Their self-confidence might also be affected especially if the acne develops in the face and becomes severe. Other people, in trying to get rid of the acne, may tend to prick the lump or squeeze it, resulting to inflammation or more serious condition. Some forms of acne like blackheads and whiteheads only affect the surface of the skin while others such as papules, pustules and cysts are rooted deep within the skin. The latter is a more severe type and may result to scarring if care is not given or if not treated.
    Scars are part of the skin's normal healing process. But it becomes troublesome when the scars are big and noticeable. Acne scars usually develop as a result of an inflamed lesion, particularly papule, pustule or cyst.
    There are four types of acne scars --
    ice pick,
    hypertrophic or keloid.

    Ice pick scars
    Ice Pick Scars-look like a large and open pore. These are scars that are deep and developed after a cyst infection. It is named as such because the skin looks like it has been pierced by an ice pick or sharp instrument.

    Boxcar Scars
    Boxcar scars are wider than ice pick and are shaped either round or oval.

    Rolling Scars
    Rolling scars look like waves.

    Hypertrophic or Keloid Scars
    On the other hand, hypertrophic or keloid scars look like a raised, firm mass of tissue which grow larger than the original wound. This type of scar often develop in men.
    Acne Scars Prevention
    Acne may be hard to prevent since majority of people will experience it sometime in their life. But there are practical ways to prevent acne scars from becoming severe.If you have acne, consult a dermatologist and seek treatment immediately, especially if it is the severe form. Discuss with your doctor if you are prone to develop scarring so he can prescribe the best treatment for you.
    Avoid squeezing or pricking your acne as this may cause inflammation and scarring. Refrain also from scrubbing your skin too hard and avoid using harsh skin care products.

    Acne Scars Treatment
    The treatment for acne scars depends on the type and the severity of scarring.
    [*]For ice pick scars, this can be treated with punch excision or punch grafting while boxcar scars can also be treated with punch excision paired with laser resurfacing. Punch excision is performed using a tiny, circular cookie cutter to cut the scar. The skin is then sutured after the scar is removed. In punch grafting, a skin graft that is usually taken from the skin behind the ear is placed in the void left after the scar is removed.
    [*]Rolling scars, on the other hand, can be treated with subcutaneous incision (subcision) while keloid scars are usually treated with steroid creams or injections which are directly injected into the scar tissue to shrink and flatten the scar. In some cases, keloid scars are treated with non-ablative laser Subcision, performed under local anesthesia, is carried out using a needle or small scalpel that is inserted parallel to the surface of the skin.
    [*]Other treatment for acne scars include ablative and non-ablative laser to burn the skin tissue, which are usually performed as out-patient. The skin that undergone laser treatments will heal within two weeks but redness in the skin will remain for several weeks or even months. The only side effect of laser treatment is the loss of skin color called hypopigmentation so it is better to discuss with your dermatologist if you are eligible for this kind of treatment.

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    What Is Rosacea? Identifying A Common Skin Condition

    Saying it phonetically, rosacea is pronounced “row-zay-shuh” and is one of the most common skin conditions in the world. What is rosacea, exactly? It’s a chronic condition that’s characterized mainly by facial erythema, or redness, and often appears with small pimples on the face. Although there are four main types of rosacea, only one typically affects the face and has an acne-like list of symptoms: Papulopustular Rosacea.
    Other types of rosacea, like Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea, is far less troublesome and usually just causes either redness or dryness. Sometimes accompanied by itching and burning sensations, most types of rosacea are still very mild. However, rosacea does drift into the dangerous. Rosacea conglobata, a severe form of the condition that comes with acne conglobata, is very troublesome. Pyoderma rosacea is also a bad version of the condition, coming on very suddenly and brining some bad symptoms.
    However, we’re speaking about the most common type of acne-like rosacea that affects the face, Paulopustular Rosacea.

    The Symptoms of Rosacea

    What is rosacea like in its more severe forms? You’d be dealing with pain, large pustules, a burning, itching rash, a sudden onset of redness and puss, and a large portion of your skin covered up by the condition in no time at all.
    Now, what is rosacea like in its Papulopustular form? Luckily this is the most common variety, and it isn’t that bad once you get through the initial stages and begin to treat it. Some of the symptoms of Papulopustular Rosacea include but aren’t limited to:
    · Thicker, coarser skin
    · Drier, redder skin
    · A flushed face along with redness and sensitivity
    · A grouping of small bumps; i.e. acne: pimples, breakout areas
    · A bumpy texture to the skin
    · A sensitive face that burns or itching when exposed to the elements
    · Small blood vessels visible on the skin
    · A swollen appearance to the skin
    · Easily flushed face (blushing, redness)
    · Excessively oily skin
    · Eye issues such as dryness, redness, or frequent styes
    The symptoms listed above cover much of the range of Papulopustular Rosacea, and they deal with the onset of the condition or the throes of the condition. At the onset, you can expect some dryness, sensitivity and/or excessive oil, followed shortly thereafter by bumps breaking to the surface.
    You can separate this from acne by the appearance of the bumps. They won’t start out as pimples, but rather more like small hives that spring up with an outer rash. In a day or two, the bumps will turn to pustules and the rest of the symptoms may settle in.
    The important thing to remember when dealing with rosacea is that the quicker you handle the symptoms, the quicker you can get rid of the condition. Even mild rosacea can have lasting effects on you, such as potential scarring. And even if it goes away cleanly, it will still be quite the nuisance while present.

    So, what is rosacea? It’s a common skin condition that can be easily spotted and easily treated. You can limit your chances of contracting this condition by taking proper care of your skin and by avoiding harsh elements.

    For more information and treatment options for rosacea go to pimplezone.com
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    How To Get Clear Skin
    Tips on How to Get Clear Skin
    Have you ever wondered how to get clear skin? If so, then you must know that you’re certainly not alone. This isn’t exactly a small niche. Even a subset of the skincare market like blackheads and skin exfoliation pull in over a billion dollars in sales annually. Millions of people from all around the world deal with skin issues, particularly acne, ranging from occasional pimples to severe outbreaks that can and will lead to scarring unless treated.
    Whether it’s a minor inconvenience you’re trying to clear up or something much worse, the quest to get to clear skin is one undertaken by multitudes. Throughout the text below, you will learn some of the most practical ways to achieve clearer, healthier, more youthful-looking skin.
    5 Great Ways to Get Clearer, Healthier Skin
    A note to the reader: Understand that severe forms of acne must be treated by a dermatologist and the proper medications and procedures. Acne is a legitimate disease, and in its more severe forms it can be nearly impossible to treat at home or with over-the-counter products. Though if you fall in the occasional to moderate acne categories, or simply have other bad skin issues you want to get cleared up, these tips will help you achieve and maintain clearer skin.

    1: Figure Out Your Skin Type and Treat Accordingly
    Figuring out how to get clear skin first involves figuring out your skin type. Though acne is the most common problem people seek relief from, it’s certainly not the only one. Many problems outside of acne—though still including acne—have a lot to do with your skin type. Oily skin, dry skin, normal, sensitive and combination skin types are all different and thus require different treatments and products.
    For instance, using an oil-based product (acne product, moisturizer, etc) on oily or combination skin may compound the problem; these products are best used on dry or normal skin. Likewise, you want to be careful using acid or peroxide-based products on dry skin. So before you think about purchasing any products for any type of skincare, make sure you’re buying according to your skin type first, your condition second.

    2: Avoid Excess Oil and Grime
    It may seem trite at first, like useless platitudes posing as sage advice, but avoiding excess oil and grime goes beyond reminding you to wash your face. Though, in the interest of solid advice, do, please, remember to frequently wash your face. That aside, however, watching out for excess oil and suchlike goes well beyond washing your face when you’re sweaty and dirty.
    Take care to wash your bedding frequently. Any old dirt, dust, oils and other substances, particularly bacteria, can wreak havoc on the face. That pillow might be comfortable, but it may also be filthy. The same goes with pretty much anything you’re coming into contact with. That oil and grime is nasty for more than the obvious reason. It also contains unhealthy bacteria that will love to cause a chain-reaction of inflammation all throughout your skin.

    3: Use Natural Products
    Chemicals aren’t exactly a total no-no when it comes to skincare. Just look at the success of chemical peels. However, for everyday skincare routines (more on that below), you want to keep things in the all-natural wheelhouse. Acid-based products are far as you should go in the chemical realm, and only if your skin type and condition permit the usage.
    A good tip to use here: If you read the ingredients and can’t pronounce the name or if it contains numbers beside it, you might want to find a product that you know more about.

    4: Eat Healthier
    Whoever came up with that now-famous adage that we are what we eat may have been thinking about how to get clear skin and noticed the direct correlation between woofing down junk food and then dealing with greasy skin and pimples. The fact of the matter is that our bodies are a direct reflection of the stuff we consume. This not only goes for food, but also for beverages (sodas and coffee) and even bad habits like smoking.
    Eating healthier and paying more attention to what you’re putting into your body is the number-one way to treat your skin well over the long haul.

    5: Create a Complete Skincare Routine
    Proper skincare is something that must become an actual routine. You can’t simply decide to treat your skin well when you’re dealing with issues like breakouts. Here are a few things to remember about proper skincare routines:
    · Use products designed for your skin type and condition only
    · Wash your face thoroughly with antibacterial soap in the morning and evenings
    · Exfoliate regularly to remove dead skin cells and to get rid of blackheads
    · Apply spot treatments at the first sign of any acne or any blemish
    · Always protect your skin from the elements
    · Moisturize your skin properly, even if you have oily skin
    · Make sure you’re eating well and getting enough exercise
    · Get enough sleep and make sure your bedding is always clean
    · Keep up with your routine, even if your skin clears up
    Knowing how to get clear skin is unfortunately only half the battle here. Once you take the steps necessary to clear your skin up, you then must keep at the routine to ensure that your skin stays that way. It’s not always easy, but things that are necessary rarely are.
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