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Keeping a list of previous products and their ingredients so I know what ingredients I can safely use.

Loved the Dove Deep Moisture facial lotion with spf 15 even though it was for dry skin. Never caused a problem and made my skin so awesome. Had green tea in it, too! They discontinued it.


Active: Octinoxate (5.5%), Octisalate (3.0%), Avobenzone (2.0%), Ensulizole (2.0%). Inactive: Water, Glycerin, Isohexadecane, Triethanolamine, Sorbitan Stearate, Myristyl Alcohol, Cetyl Alcohol, Glyceryl Dilaurate, Stearyl Alcohol, Peg-100 Stearate, Sucrose Stearate, Stearic Acid, Panthenol, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E Acetate), Retinyl Palmitate (Vitamin A Palmitate), Cholesterol, Bisabolol, Sodium Pca, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Linoleic Acid, Ceramide 3, Ceramide 6-11, Ceramide 1, Phytosphingosine, Camellia Sinesis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract, Saccharomyces/Zinc Ferment, Saccharomyces/Magnesium Ferment, Sodium Lactate, Peg-4 Laurate, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, Butylene Glycol, Methyl Methacrylate Crosspolymer, Carbomer, Fragrance, Phenoxyethanol, Disodium Edta, Corn Oil, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Bht.

Derma E Anti Wrinkle Vit A moisturizing gel

Purified Water (Aqua), Glycerin, Polysorbate 20, Retinyl Palmitate (Vitamin A), Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Potassium Sorbate, Carbomer, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Fragrance.

Please note: This ingredient list for this product has recently been updated either due to reformulation, a change in FDA rulings or ingredient specifications. Your purchased product may vary.

Previous product ingredient list: Water (Aqua), Retinyl Palmitate (Vitamin A), Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Glycerin, Carbomer, Polysorbate, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Fragrance.

Reviva Labs 10% Glycolic Acid Cream

Purified water, 10% glycolic acid polymer (extracts of sugar and rhubarb), extracts of pumpkin, peach, sage, cornfrey, chamomile, witch hazel, vitamins A,D,E, safflower oil, sunflower oil.

Olay Definity Cream

Water, Cyclopentasiloxane, Glycerin, Niacinamide, Acetyl Glucosamine, Dimethicone, Polyethylene, Polycrylamide, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Panthenol, Triethanolamine, C13 14 Isoparaffin, Dimethiconol, DMDM Hydrantoin, Acrylates/C10 30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Aloe Barbaensis Leaf Juice, Disodium EDTA, Laureth 4, Tocopheryl Acetate, Laureth 7, Carthamus Tinctorus (Safflower) Seed Oil, Fragrance, Bambusa Vulgaris Extract, Vaccinum Marcocarpon (Cranberry Fruit Extract), Butylene Glycol, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Phenoxyethanol, Ascorbyl Glucoside, Soluble Collagen, Sodium Hayaluronate, Methylparaben, Sodium Benzoate, Tin Oxide, Titanium Dioxide, Mica

Healthy Skin Anti-Wrinkle Anti-Blemish Clear Skin Cream pH 5

Active: Salicylic Acid (2%), Other: Water, PEG-32, C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Glycerin, Cetyl Alcohol, Dimethicone, Cetearyl Alcohol, Retinol, Erythorbic Acid, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Retinyl Palmitate, Tocopherol, Panthenol, Allantoin, Steareth-21, Coco-Glucoside, Steareth-2, Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, BHT, Disodium EDTA, Ammonium Hydroxide, Polysorbate 20, Methylparaben, Phenoxyethanol, Propylparaben, Fragrance

Neutrogena Ultra Gentle Daily Cleanser

Water, Glycerin, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Lauryl Glucoside, Potassium Accylates Copolymer, PEG 120 Methyl Glucose Dioleate, Disodium Lauroamphodiacetate, Sodium Cocoyl Sarcosinate, Ethylhexylglycerin, Caprylyl Glycol, Potassium Sorbate, Fragrance


Cleanser technology has come a long way from merely cleansing to providing mildness and moisturizing benefits as well. It is known that harsh surfactants in cleansers can cause damage to skin proteins and lipids, leading to after-wash tightness, dryness, barrier damage, irritation, and even itch. In order for cleansers to provide skin-care benefits, they first must minimize surfactant damage to skin proteins and lipids. Secondly, they must deposit and deliver beneficial agents such as occlusives, skin lipids, and humectants under wash conditions to improve skin hydration, as well as mechanical and visual properties. While all surfactants tend to interact to some degree with lipids, their interaction with proteins can vary significantly, depending upon the nature of their functional head group. In vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo studies have shown that surfactants that cause significant skin irritation interact strongly with skin proteins. Based on this understanding, several surfactants and surfactant mixtures have been identified as "less irritating" mild surfactants because of their diminished interactions with skin proteins. Surfactants that interact minimally with both skin lipids and proteins are especially mild. Another factor that can aggravate surfactant-induced dryness and irritation is the pH of the cleanser. The present authors' recent studies demonstrate that high pH (pH 10) solutions, even in the absence of surfactants, can increase stratum corneum (SC) swelling and alter lipid rigidity, thereby suggesting that cleansers with neutral or acidic pH, close to SC-normal pH 5.5, may be potentially less damaging to the skin. Mildness enhancers and moisturizing agents such as lipids, occlusives, and humectants minimize damaging interactions between surfactants, and skin proteins and lipids, and thereby, reduce skin damage. In addition, these agents play an ameliorative role, replenishing the skin lipids lost during the wash period. The present review discusses the benefits of such agents and their respective roles in improving the overall health of the skin barrier.


Skin-cleansing compositions based on alkyl carboxylates (soaps) have a higher irritation potential than those based on syndet surfactants such as alkyl isethionates or alkyl ether sulphates. Contributing factors include inherent differences in the irritation potential of soaps and syndet surfactants, pH-induced changes in surfactant solution chemistry, and the direct effects of pH on the physical properties of the stratum corneum (SC). Past work has not directly addressed the effect of solution pH on the SC itself and its potential role in cleanser-induced skin irritation. In the current work, alterations to SC properties induced by buffered pH solutions and two strongly ionizable surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulphate and sodium lauryl ether sulphate, at different pH values are measured. By utilizing optical coherence tomography (OCT) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy we have directly measured physical changes in SC proteins and lipids. Our results indicate that SC swelling, which reflects alterations to SC structural proteins, is increased significantly at pH 10, compared to pH 4 and 6.5. The transition temperature (T(m)) of SC lipids is found to increase at pH 10, compared to pH 4 and 6.5, suggesting a more rigid SC lipid matrix. Surfactants cause a further increase in swelling and lipid rigidity. Some aspects of what these results mean for SC physical properties as well as their implications to potential mechanisms of surfactant-induced skin irritation are discussed. PMID: 18494892 [PubMed]


The 'acid mantle' of the stratum corneum seems to be important for both permeability barrier formation and cutaneous antimicrobial defense. However, the origin of the acidic pH, measurable on the skin surface, remains conjectural. Passive and active influencing factors have been proposed, e.g. eccrine and sebaceous secretions as well as proton pumps. In recent years, numerous investigations have been published focusing on the changes in the pH of the deeper layers of the stratum corneum, as well as on the influence of physiological and pathological factors. The pH of the skin follows a sharp gradient across the stratum corneum, which is suspected to be important in controlling enzymatic activities and skin renewal. The skin pH is affected by a great number of endogenous factors, e.g. skin moisture, sweat, sebum, anatomic site, genetic predisposition and age. In addition, exogenous factors like detergents, application of cosmetic products, occlusive dressings as well as topical antibiotics may influence the skin pH. Changes in the pH are reported to play a role in the pathogenesis of skin diseases like irritant contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, ichthyosis, acne vulgaris and Candida albicans infections. Therefore, the use of skin cleansing agents, especially synthetic detergents with a pH of about 5.5, may be of relevance in the prevention and treatment of those skin diseases. PMID: 16864974 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

The pH of the skin’s surface has been reported to be in the range of 5.4 to 5.9 and is important in the maintenance of skin barrier function and defense against infection and disease [88]. The skin also has an excellent buffering capacity against large changes in pH. Albeit, external factors such as washing and applying solutions, drugs and cosmetics to the surface of the skin can raise its surface pH and can likewise increase or induce skin irritation. For example, alkaline solutions of pH 9 and above applied to the skin have been reported to cause skin irritation. In the same study, aqueous solutions of pH 5 and 7 did not cause irritation when applied to the skin [89]. In another study, Ananthapadmanabhan et al. showed that a solution at pH 10 when applied to the skin, compared with a pH of 4 or 6.5, increased the transition temperature of stratum corneum lipids [90]. Observed adverse effects were swelling of the stratum corneum and disruption of the skin barrier function, as indicated by an increase in transepidermal water loss. Therefore, to avoid skin irritation it is very important to buffer formulations applied to the skin as close to the skin’s surface pH as possible. Some universal pharmaceutical solvents are irritating to the skin and therefore cannot be used in topical preparations. Prior to in vivo investigation, these solvents should be replaced by alternative solvents with acceptable irritation and safety profiles. Topical solvents deemed to be safe for use include isopropyl alcohol, propylene glycol, isopropyl myristate and polyethylene glycols to a certain percentage (up to 60% used in marketed products) [91].

It is difficult for rosacea patients to discern which products and ingredients will be beneficial to their skin and which products will lead to an exacerbation of the signs and symptoms of rosacea. In this paper, the authors provide a brief overview of rosacea, its pathogenesis, signs and symptoms, and the management of the two major rosacea subtypes—erythematotelangiectatic rosacea and papular pustular rosacea. Reviewed in greater detail are the common ingredients used in over-the-counter cleansers and moisturizers with discussion of how these ingredients potentially benefit or harm the skin of patients with rosacea. Clinical studies investigating the benefits of using certain over-the-counter cleansers and moisturizers in patients with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea and papular pustular rosacea with or without topical prescription therapy are also reviewed. The specific formulas used in the clinical studies include a sensitive skin synthetic detergent bar, a nonalkaline cleanser and moisturizer, polyhydroxy acid containing cleanser and moisturizer, and a ceramide-based cleanser and moisturizer formulated in a multivesicular emulsion. Based on review of available data, the authors conclude that the use of mild over-the-counter cleansers and moisturizers is beneficial for patients with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea and papular pustular rosacea. The properties of over-the-counter cleansers and moisturizers that contribute to their mildness include an acidic-neutral pH to minimize the flux in skin pH; surfactants or emulsifiers that will not strip the skin of its moisture or strip the lipids and proteins of the stratum corneum; moisturizing ingredients such as emollients, humectants, and occlusives; and formulas without potential irritants and allergens. The most consistent clinical benefits demonstrated in the reviewed studies were a subjectively perceived improvement in subjective symptoms of dryness and irritation as well as an objective improvement in dryness.


A common myth among the general public is that all over-the-counter (OTC) cleansers and moisturizers are created equal. This, however, is not the case. Many healthcare providers overlook the importance of OTC cleansers and moisturizers in the management of skin disease and may not consider their components to be actively involved in producing therapeutic benefit. Yet, use of OTC cleansers and moisturizers can potentially have multiple beneficial or deleterious effects on the skin and can induce changes in the superficial and deep layers of the epidermis.1 It is the specific ingredients in the formula and the properties of the formulation as a whole that determine whether the cleanser or moisturizer is truly a mild product and if the product will impact the skin, especially the integrity and function of the stratum corneum (SC), in a positive or negative manner.2


Importance of a mild OTC cleanser for rosacea patients. The ideal cleanser would function by removing dirt, oil, environmental pollutants, and harmful bacteria from skin without disrupting or removing the beneficial lipids, proteins, and normal flora that contribute to the integrity, function, and health of normal skin. However, this is often not the case. Strong OTC cleansers that are efficient at removing dirt, oil, and bacteria cannot distinguish between good and bad lipids, proteins, or bacteria. Therefore, strong cleansers that provide an efficient skin cleaning are also, in essence, damaging the SC by damaging or stripping some of its essential components, such as lipids, proteins, and natural moisturizing factor (NMF).14 Because ETR and PPR patients already have a compromised SC permeability barrier and sensitive skin, it is recommended that rosacea patients use mild OTC cleansers that do not exacerbate their skin disease. Recognition of the importance of mild cleansers in the management of rosacea and other sensitive skin diseases has spurred the development of mild therapeutic cleansers with the sole purpose of gently cleansing the skin without stripping the skin of its functional components.

OTC cleansers, their ingredients, and what they do to the stratum corneum. There are four general categories of skin cleansing agents including soaps, synthetic detergent (syndet) bars and liquid cleansers, combination bar (combar) antimicrobials, and lipid-free liquid cleansers.

True soap. True soap (soap) is created through a process called saponification, which is the chemical reaction that occurs when a fat, such as tallow (beef fat), and an alkali, such as lye, are combined to create long chain fatty acid alkali salts. The typical pH of a true soap is 9 to 10.15 Soaps are strong OTC cleansers that do an excellent job of removing skin sebum and debris. Yet, in the process, soaps can remove beneficial intercellular lipids and damage SC proteins. Removing these beneficial lipids and proteins impairs the SC as evidenced by an increase in TEWL, dehydration, altered desquamation, and increased penetration of topically applied substances, therefore increasing skin sensitivity and irritation in rosacea patients.15

Synthetic detergent (syndet) cleansers. Syndet bars are synthetic detergent-based cleansers that contain less than 10 percent of soap and typically have a more neutral/acidic pH (5.5–7) similar to the pH of normal skin.15,16 Syndet bars in general are designed to provide an effective skin cleaning with minimal stripping of essential SC lipids and proteins, ultimately making these types of cleansing bars less irritating and drying than the traditional soap bars. Syndet liquid cleansers are also available.

In an experiment done on ex-vivo arm skin, the ultrastructural skin changes were monitored after washing with a soap and mild syndet bar using a combination of measurements including TEWL, environmental scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy.17,18 The results of this study clearly demonstrated changes to the skin's ultrastructure after multiple washes with the soap bar. Environmental electron microscopy revealed changes in the skin surface morphology including a significant uplifting of cells and increase in surface roughness after washing with the soap. In addition, transmission electron microscopy revealed significant damage to both lipid and protein regions after washing with the soap bar. In contrast, under the same conditions, the syndet-washed skin showed well-preserved surface morphology and well-preserved lipid and protein regions. The study also demonstrated a correlation between high TEWL and damage to SC ultrastructure after use of the soap bar, clearly illustrating the potential for soap to damage the SC and the mildness of the syndet bar in comparison.17,18

Combination bars (combars). Combars are antibacterial soap bars that contain a combination of true soap surfactants and syndet bar surfactants with an added antibacterial agent. Although the antibacterial agents in combars are beneficial for reducing harmful bacteria, they may also eradicate the normal flora of the skin and can cause an increase in skin dryness and irritation.19 Since patients with rosacea may already have an imbalance of skin flora and problems with skin dryness and sensitivity,8 in general, combars are not ideal for patients with rosacea.

Lipid-free liquid cleansers. Lipid-free liquid cleansers are very mild as they clean without soap formation and are designed to leave behind a thin moisturizing film on the skin.19 Evidence that supports the use of several lipid-free cleansers in rosacea patients will be presented in the next sections of this paper.

Given the sensitive nature of ETR and PPR skin, lipid-free cleansers and syndet cleansers are well suited for rosacea patients. However, within the lipid-free cleanser and syndet bar subtypes there are several other properties of these cleansers that determine their mildness. These properties include the type of surfactant used in the cleanser, the extent of surfactant interaction with skin proteins and lipids, the pH of the cleanser, and the extent of skin hydration or dehydration caused by cleansing.2022

Surfactants. Surfactants are the principle ingredients in cleansers responsible for removing oil and debris from the skin surface. The extent to which a surfactant is able to “clean” the skin is relative to its critical micelle concentration (CMC). The CMC is a measure of a surfactant's efficacy in solubilizing dirt and oil on the skin and dispersing them into solution. The lower the CMC, the higher the efficacy of the surfactant and the lower the amount needed in the cleanser formula. However, a high cleansing efficacy (or a low CMC) usually correlates with an increased number of deleterious effects on the SC integrity and function.15

Surfactants are subdivided into the following four main groups based on their molecular charge or lack of molecular charge: anionic, cationic, amphoteric, and nonionic.2124 According to Ananthapadmanabhan et al15 and Effendy et al,24 the order of surfactant potential for SC alteration and skin irritation is cationic=anionic>amphoteric>nonionic. However, it cannot be generalized that all cationic and anionic surfactants are the most irritating group of surfactants to the skin because the specific surfactant used, in addition to its molecular charge, has a major effect on irritant potential. For example, when comparing the irritation potential and penetration of two anionic surfactants, sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium cocoyl isethionate, sodium lauryl sulfate can cause significant skin irritation and penetration while sodium cocoyl isethionate has shown excellent skin compatibility.21,25 Despite the potential for some anionic surfactants to irritate the skin and diminish skin health, they are still the primary surfactants used today, even in mild cleanser formulations, due to their excellent foaming and lathering characteristics. Cationic surfactants, such as benzalkonium chloride, can have high irritant and cytotoxic effects on the skin.24 Therefore cationic surfactants are generally used in antimicrobial washes due to their excellent antimicrobial properties.24

To minimize the irritation potential of anionic and cationic surfactants in a cleansing formula, these surfactants can be used in small amounts and can be combined with other amphoteric and nonionic surfactants to minimize their irritation potential and negative effects on the stratum corneum.15,24,26 For example, sodium laureth sulfate, an anionic surfactant that is a close relative to sodium lauryl sulfate, is often used in combination with the amphoteric surfactant cocamidopropylbetaine. It is assumed that the use of the anionic and amphoteric surfactants results in a milder cleansing formula with a decreased anionic surfactant concentration, decreased skin irritation, and decreased interaction with skin proteins and lipids.15,24

Surfactants and skin proteins. Surfactants that interact with SC proteins are deleterious to overall skin health because of their ability to disrupt and damage the proteins of the SC. This insult to the SC proteins can result in changes in SC integrity leading to cutaneous irritation, inflammation, and dessication, all of which can ultimately lead to visible changes associated with dryness and irritation. It is thought that interaction of the charged (polar) heads of the surfactants with the charged proteins of the SC facilitates the penetration of surfactants as well as other cleanser ingredients into the deeper skin layers. The deeper penetration of these ingredients can cause chemical irritation or an inflammatory biochemical response in healthy skin, or in the case of rosacea patients, exacerbate inflammation and irritation that may already be present depending on the current magnitude of underlying rosacea at that time.2729 However, for a surfactant with a given chain length, the larger the head group size, the lower the tendency to cause protein swelling and subsequent damage. This may be one of the reasons why sodium cocoyl isethionate, with its larger head group, is milder than sodium lauryl sulfate as discussed above.15,30 In addition, the interaction of the charged head of the surfactant with the skin proteins also reduces the ability of these proteins to bind and hold water, allowing increased evaporation and resultant SC dehydration.2729,31

In a study by Ananthapadmanabhan,15 the interaction of skin proteins with a soap, syndet bar, and lipid-free cleanser were compared using infrared spectroscopy. In this study, the true soap caused the most interaction and change in the SC protein structure, therefore supporting the idea that soaps are capable of producing the greatest magnitude of SC damage. The clinical relevance that soaps can produce greater cutaneous desiccation, lessened innate ability for SC repair, and increased skin drying may all easily progress to augmented potential to produce signs and symptoms of cutaneous irritation. In patients with ETR and PPR, a group already affected inherently with impairment of the SC permeability barrier, these negative effects produced by soaps and poorly formulated skin cleansers are further magnified.

Surfactants and skin lipids. The interaction of surfactants with skin lipids have also been studied extensively3134 However, the mechanism by which surfactants interact with lipids and cause SC permeability barrier disruption remains somewhat elusive. It has been suggested that surfactants either solubilize SC lipids into micelles and thereby cause subsequent SC delipidation, or that the incorporation of surfactants, especially charged surfactants, into SC lipid bilayer results in bilayer destabilization and increased SC permeability33,3537 Although it has been hypothesized that charged anionic surfactants have a greater effect on the lipid bilayer than nonionic surfactants, a greater skin defatting effect may actually occur with the use of nonionic surfactants compared to anionic surfactants. This consideration stems from the fact that nonionic surfactants have a greater tendency to dissolve stearic acid than do anionic surfactants.15 Also, transmission electron microscopic studies have shown that nonionic-surfactant-based cleansers alter the lipid region to a greater extent than do mild cleansing bars with sodium cocoyl isethionate (an anionic surfactant).17,18

Mendelsohn and Moore used infrared spectroscopy to compare the perturbation of the lipid layers in the SC after the use of a true soap, syndet bar, or water alone (as the control).38,39 The results showed significant disruption of the lipid layer after the use of a soap as compared to the syndet bar and water alone. In comparing the effects of the syndet bar versus the control (water alone), analysis showed no discernable difference in lipid chain fluidity or rotational freedom. However, further analysis of the syndet bar did show a significant decrease in the cooperativity of the lipid bilayer after syndet bar use indicating a significant alteration in lipid organization and a resultant decrease in SC cohesion. Such changes can be a result of alterations in SC lipid composition either through the removal of endogenous lipid fractions or subfractions or the incorporation of surfactant molecules into the SC lipid layer. Overall, these results further support the common belief that true soaps impart the greatest magnitude of deleterious effects on SC integrity, followed by syndet bars and water, respectively.

Stratum corneum pH. Maintaining SC pH in an acid range of 4 to 6 is important for the overall health, integrity, and function of the SC, as discussed in a previous paper by Levin et al.40 Due to their inherent alkaline pH, soaps have the potential to change the pH of skin and therefore are not ideal for support of the permeability barrier of the SC. It is important to emphasize that a single or occasional use of an alkaline soap is not likely to significantly affect skin pH given the innate buffering capacity of skin.40 However, Fluhr et al41 have demonstrated that small and sustained pH increases, such as those caused by the daily use of soaps, induces changes in skin pH and adversely influences the SC barrier repair mechanism.41 Syndet bars and lipid-free cleansers are generally formulated to have a neutral or slightly acidic pH to ensure skin compatibility, decrease the alkaline flux of skin pH, and decrease the compromise of SC barrier function caused by alkaline pH alterations.

Deposition characteristics of some cleanser formulations. An additional benefit of some syndet bars, syndet liquid cleansers, and lipid-free cleansers is that they can be designed to deposit beneficial ingredients onto the skin even with short contact during cleansing and after rinsing. However, compared to bar technology, advances in liquid cleansing technology allow more efficient cutaneous deposition of beneficial agents, such as lipids.15 These cleansers, in essence, are using the same technology that is used in shampoos to deposit conditioning agents onto the hair. Some of the liquid cleansers currently available contain vegetable oils such as sunflower or soybean oil, occlusives such as petrolatum, humectants such as glycerol, and other ingredients such as ceramides and cholesterol that have beneficial effects on the skin. Cleanser formulations that allow for true deposition of specific major ingredients produce greater benefit and are less likely to damage the SC. Deposition technology with proper cleanser formulation, including with liquid cleansers, has the potential to minimize surfactant-mediated depletion of skin lipids, reduce the visible signs of dryness after cleansing, and assist in mitigating increases in TEWL. Today, in the OTC cleanser market, we now see some specific wash-off systems offering novel combinations of ingredients that can be deposited on the skin by cleansers, leading to a range of skin care claims that are supported by cogent scientific evidence.15


Putting it all together, it becomes clear that certain cleansers can disrupt the health of the SC more than others. Using a cleanser that may truly be more effective at removing surface oils and debris, such as a true soap or a cleanser with low CMC surfactants, on the sensitive skin of a patient with ETR or PPR, will likely cause exacerbation of their underlying SC impairment and can trigger signs and symptoms. Patients with ETR or PPR who use well-formulated, mild cleansing agents such as syndet cleansers and lipid-free cleansers with a neutral to slightly acidic pH may not only avoid exacerbation of their skin disorder, but also may note adjunctive benefit in combination with therapies being used to treat their rosacea.


The pH of the healthy skin is 5.5 and maintained by many regulatory mechanisms. The pH of the skin care product we use on a daily basis can have an influence on the skin properties. To investigate how the physical properties of skin change after the alkaline or acidic pH of the skin care products are applied on the skin for a long term, we adjusted the pH of the skin care products to 3, 5 and 8 (A, B, C), with glycolic acid and triethanolamine. For 5 weeks the skin care products were applied on 20 healthy subjects' ventral forearm and the skin physical properties were measured. After 5 weeks, skin responses to the external stress of 1% (w/v) SLS (sodium lauryl sulphate) irritation and erythema by UV were measured. Skin colour and skin UV response were not altered by the pH. However, on the C-applied site (pH 8) the transepidermal water loss of stratum corneum (SC) increased significantly, the water content increased and desquamation decreased, respectively, and the SLS significantly impaired the skin barrier in comparison with other sites. The alkaline skin care product impaired the skin barrier after repeated application over 5-week period and the skin barrier was disrupted severely by 1% SLS exposure because SC was already impaired by alkaline pH and sensitive to external stress. This suggests that the pH of daily skin care products is very important for skin barrier homeostasis. PMID: 19467032 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Going to put my info here here so I can keep track of it, and if anyone wants to check it out, maybe it will benefit you when using her products yourself.

So, I've been using Dianna Yvonne's 2% SA Exfol Serum for a year or so. I've gone through 2 bottles. As I neared the end of my second bottle, I thought about reordering but, I didn't think it was making much difference. I knew it was working somewhat because 1) my lips would dry out from the SA migrating to them and 2) my skin seemed better using it than not. BUT, I was still breaking out and I was a bit upset that when I tested the product with a pH strip, it was not nearly as low as advertised on the site.

I had also started using more vitamins. After reading that people with acne have lower Vit E levels and antioxidant levels, etc I bought a nice well rounded multi vit, a broad spectrum antioxidant, a Vit E complex (I didn't realize there were so many Vit E components lol). I also had been taking Vit D3 for seasonal depression but only 2,000 units a day. It didn;t seem to ward off teh blues as much as I would like, so I upped it to 4,000 a day. Then I read that our bodies produce 10,000 units a day from sun exposure (and a friend of mine who makes no Vit D whatsoever even with sun was prescribed 10,000 units a day) I decided I would double my intake again to 8,000 units. I have seen no ill side effects. My mood is better and I noticed my skin was not as oily. Vit D3 helps with hormones, too, so perhaos that is why.

Anyhow, My skin seemed to do better on this additions, but I would still get some spots. Well, in march I had some larger spots and I was probably a little too aggressive, causing dryness and just a big mess. Lots of moisturizer and gentle skin care helped them heal. In April I got spots again and I just had it. lol Ridiculous! Truthfully, I don;t know how to handle more "normal" skin. I'm used to greasy skin 24/7, so yeah..I didn't change my routne to suit my new less oily face. *sigh* I don't use a moisturizer regularly because I'm normally an oil slick. So, i was just drying out my skin without taking it's new property in consideration.

Ok, so on to Paula's Choice. I decided to buy some samples because they come highly rated. I was especially interested in the 2% SA stuff as maybe a replacement for the Dianna Yvonne. Online the website said it was at proper pH to be effective, etc.

May 18, 2014

I started using the 2% lotion and neutrogena 2.5% BP. I chose many samples, and decided to try the lotion despite me having previosu oily skin. I really like the lotion. It doesn't make me greasy/oily AND it seems hydrating enough I don't need to put a moisturizer on top. I'm also using my Neutrogen ultra gentle foaming face wash.

May 21, 2014

Been using the above for a few days. Today I went to church so I washed my face, used hydralight toner plus the hydralight moisturizer and put on my makeup. Wow--not oily and my makeup looked great.

May 23, been using the hydralight toner and moisturizer in conjunction with the SA lotion. Works great. This morning i washed, used hydralight toner, then topped with the BHA lotion and spot treated with nutrogena's 2.5 BP. Before out dinner out, I washed, used the clear regular strength 2%BHA toner then the hydralight moisturizer. Really like all these products so far. Glad they work well together!

May 28, 2014

So, my monthly friend showed up today. BAH. I ran out of my BHA lotion samples. So, trying out the 2% BHA liquid (which on site says it is the exact same as the clear BHA toner extra strength). Seems ok. A little oily like I read in reviews but putting on before bed.

May 29

Put the BHA liquid on this morning and night

May 30-June 1

SUCKS. I have painful spots. maybe cysts. http://// It's ben a week off the liquid. I decided to try it again. Not on my whole face, though! Too scared! But i did ut it on the stubborn blackheads on my nose (I don't normally get spots there) and then dabbed a tiny bit on each of the remaining cysts that haven't come to the surface yet. We'll see what happens!

I also started adding a drop of ACV to my neutrogena cleanser to bring the pH down. It is at a 7. http://// Needs to be closer to 5. Thought about trying PC, but many of hers has sodium laureth sulfate and I;m not a fan. However, the earth sourced (or whatever. it's in a green bottle and supposed to be natural) looks gentle enough and hopefully non drying. I think all of hers are at a pH of 5 or 5.5

June 9

Well nothing new popped up. Going to repeat it today. But only once per day. If all goes well, then I'm going to think it was either exfoliating too quickly or I was using too often and my skin couldn't deal with the irritation.(maybe that is what other reviewers expereinced, too) If I work up the courage to try it full face, and don't get a reaction like last time I think I will use this once or twice a week for a deep cleaning of pores. But, I'll stick with the regular strength liquid or the lotion (or maybe even the gel) for an every day maintenence. I haven't notice much difference in my red marks, though. I have a sample of the 10% glycolic acid but waiting to use that when my skin has calmed and cleared more. I'd also like to try out the reinol (I have used the .3% skinceuticals in the past and liked it). PC now has a new 1% formula! It is comparable to a.025% trenitoin.

Going to also try a sample of Paula's 2.5% BP..I'm almost out of my neutrogena and maybe hers will work even better!

Below are some images from the last 3 weeks. In each collage, the photos are in order from left to right: End of 1st week, End of 2nd week, End of 3rd week They are not miraculous, but some had gone and just left some red marking. The others are not as inflamed. I know it will take a while, so I'll keep on going, as long as it doesn't cause more problems than it solves. HA! But, so far, the only terrible reaction was the BHA liquid, so I think that' a positive sign. I think should make a note that the past few days i ate JUNK--as in pizza and sweets. Usually I stay away from processed foods because it seems they make me break out. I only eat them every now and again. However, it seems since I started my vitamins and such, I can be a little freer in my choices. Antioxidants help deal with stress to the body, so I'm wondering if now my body can cope interanlly with the onslaught of food irritations. lol (I'm not talkingn about gluten intolerance or allergies, etc). But white flour, sugar, etc in general causes systemic inflammation. Anyhow, I'm not emotionally stressed either, so I think my body has a very fine balance it maintains and if either one gets too high..well it can't cope. If I am stressed out and then eat bad can't deal with both factors. Just some thoughts I've been kicking around lately as an explanation.




Updated photos: June 23, 2014

6 weeks using PC 2% BHA products--4 weeks of consistent 2%BHA Clear toner Big bumps gone. Pores still cleaning out and lesions that occur are smaller. Red marks still hanging on.


Updated photos: June 28, 2014 (photos from June 21)

11 weeks using PC 2% BHA products--8 weeks of consistent 2%BHA Clear toner Big bumps gone. Pores still cleaning out and lesions that occur are smaller. Red marks still hanging on. happy with progress--no spots due to *ladies time*



First 3 weeks collage and large photo on bottom is now (June 21) 8 weeks later



15 weeks!!! Sept 7, 2014


Basically reviewing if lipid peroxidation is the beginning of acne and if antioxidants which prevent such breakdown can control acne. Also, may be why certain meds work like retinol, birth control, etc which all show antioxidant properties and anti inflmamtory response.


Acne vulgaris is a common dermatological disorder, one that is frequently associated with depression, anxiety and other psychological sequelae. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the extent to which oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of acne. Emerging studies have shown that patients with acne are under increased cutaneous and systemic oxidative stress. Indeed, there are indications that lipid peroxidation itself is a match that lights an inflammatory cascade in acne. The notion that lipid peroxidation is a 'starter gun' in acne is not a new one; here we review the nearly 50-year-old lipid peroxidation theory and provide a historical perspective to the contemporary investigations and clinical implications.

In addition, we present a novel hypothesis in which lipid peroxidation may be priming an increased susceptibility to co-morbid depression and anxiety in those with acne. The emerging research on the systemic burden of oxidative stress in acne sheds further light on the brain-skin axis. The recent findings also suggest potential avenues of approach for the treatment of acne via specific nutrients, dietary modifications, oral and topical interventions.

This is a method you can use if you want to do everything you possibly can to prevent a zit from forming. It is important that you catch the pimple early, in its initial stages. Once a pimple is full-blown, this method may help it heal a bit faster, but there will not be much you can do at that point. Zinc


Zinc helps heal wounds, is an antioxidant, and acts as an anti-inflammatory.1-2 It has been shown in several studies to help heal acne.3-5 Be sure to check the label of your zinc bottle to be certain the zinc you are taking is zinc gluconate. While evidence is still not concrete, zinc gluconate may be superior to other varieties of zinc.

Dosage (do not exceed this dosage):Take a 30-50mg pill once per day with food. Zinc can cause nausea when taken on an empty stomach. Don’t take more than 50mg because zinc can become toxic if you take too much. Ibuprofen


Note: NSAIDs are not appropriate for everyone, so be sure to talk to your doctor before taking NSAIDs.

Ibuprofen is an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory). Other NSAIDs you can use are Naproxen (AKA Naproxen Sodium) or aspirin. NSAIDs reduce swelling and have the added benefit of reducing any pain the zit is producing. NSAIDs are designed for occasional use. Do not take NSAIDs every day on an ongoing basis for acne.

Dosage (do not exceed these dosages):

  1. Ibuprofen (Advil®): Adult dosage is two pills (400mg) every 4-6 hours. Do not exceed 3200mg/day.
  2. Naproxen (Aleve®): Adult dosage is one pill every 8 to 12 hours. For the first dose, you may take 2 pills within the first hour. Do not exceed 2 pills in any 8- to 12-hour period and do not exceed 3 pills in a 24-hour period.
  3. Aspirin (Bayer®): Adult dosage is 1-2 regular strength or extra strength pills (325-500mg) every 4 hours. Do not exceed 4000mg/day.


Ice is a powerful anti-inflammatory that you can use to directly target inflammation. Put an ice cube in a Ziploc® bag for an easy and mess proof way of applying ice. Very gently hold the ice over the site of the zit until the area goes numb. Since the skin of the face is so thin, you only need to apply ice for 5 minutes. Be absolutely certain not to press too hard. Anything which rubs against the skin can cause irritation, and irritation can make the zit worse, so just sit the ice gently on the skin.

How often:

Applying ice twice per day will help quite a bit. However, you may apply ice up to once per hour. Treat


The combination of 2.5% benzoyl peroxide and 10% glycolic acid can often halt a zit in its tracks all on its own. When combined with the above steps, it is even more effective. Benzoyl peroxide reduces inflammation, dries and peels, and kills acne bacteria. Glycolic acid exfoliates and signals the skin below to quicken cell turnover which can help a pimple heal more quickly. Very gently apply a small amount of 2.5% benzoyl peroxide to the zit until it is more-or-less absorbed. Wait 5 minutes for it to dry completely and then apply a small amount of 10% glycolic acid in the same manner—very gently until it is more-or-less absorbed.

How often:

Apply 2.5% benzoyl peroxide + 10% glycolic acid no more than twice per day unless you have particularly tough skin. Most people will experience too much dryness and irritation if applying 3 or more times per day.

There are also other things you can do which might help. Omega-3 fats, such as those found in wild (not farmed) fish or Omega-3 fish oil supplements may help reduce inflammation. There is still not enough research to know whether vegetarian sources of Omega-3 like flax or flax seed oil have the same effect. Also, getting 8-10 hours of sleep will help the body heal faster.

Linoleic acid is a vital component in normal sebum that does what it is supposed to: Protect the skin. Skin/sebum in people (and animals) prone to acne and other skin problems have been found to be deficient in linoleic Acid. Sebum deficient in linoleic acid is hard and sticky and clogs pores. It looks greasy and has fewer protective and anti-inflammatory properties.

Key points:

  • Acne and other problem prone skin (in people and animals) are lacking in linoleic acid.
    Linoleic acid is a component in the ceramides that make skin strong and impermeable and thus less easily ruptured and less sensitive to irritations.
  • This can be changed with topical application.
  • Grape seed and Safflower oil are over 70% linoleic acid.
  • Linoleic Acid inhibits the enzymes that convert Testosterone to DHT. Both types. So it can help with hirsutism, hairloss and acne.
  • Linoleic Acid is anti-inflammatory and protects the skin from UV damage.
  • Linoleic Acid inhibits melatonin and thus fades hyperpigmentation.
  • Linoleic acid is anti-microbial as in anti P. Acnes
  • linoleic acid deficiency causes an increase in interluekin -1a which is a factor inflammatory response.
  • tretinoin alters the lipid profile affecting the linoleic acid composition.
  • Linoleic Acid improves the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR) situation that regulates sebum production and hyperkeritinization/differenciation (and is what accutane affects)
  • Increase formation of LLamerlar bodies that produce the enzymes involved in normal exfoliation.
  • Thyroid hormone affects lipid profile. One way that perhaps both hypo and hyperthyroid conditions affect acne.
  • We don't necessarily have a dietary or systemic deficiency in linoleic acid. Just in the sebum and thus a topical application is the best course of action. This tendency is genetic.

Examples of skin problems affected by a deficiency in linoleic acid include acne, eczema, psoriasis, keratosis pilares, hypersensitivity to allergens, and dry itchy sensitive skin of all types--aka dermatitis.

What to do about it post


It also might repel pests like the mites responsible for many skin irritations. And hopefully mosquitos, fleas and ticks for your pets sake.

Excerpt from a good paper:

Healing fats of the skin: the structural and immunologic roles of the omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids.

Linoleic acid (18:2omega6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3omega3) represent the parent fats of the two main classes of polyunsaturated fatty acids: the omega-6 (n-6) and the omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, respectively. Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid both give rise to other long-chain fatty acid derivatives, including gamma-linolenic acid and arachidonic acid (omega-6 fatty acids) and docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid (omega-3 fatty acids). These fatty acids are showing promise as safe adjunctive treatments for many skin disorders, including atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, acne vulgaris, systemic lupus erythematosus, nonmelanoma skin cancer, and melanoma. Their roles are diverse and include maintenance of the stratum corneum permeability barrier, maturation and differentiation of the stratum corneum, formation and secretion of lamellar bodies, inhibition of proinflammatory eicosanoids, elevation of the sunburn threshold, inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, and interleukin-12), inhibition of lipoxygenase, promotion of wound healing, and promotion of apoptosis in malignant cells, including melanoma. They fulfill these functions independently and through the modulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated and Toll-like receptors. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Note: These oils are not stable and should be stored in the refrigerator. Get a small, preferably dark colored bottle to keep a small amount at a time in your medicine cabinet.


So, my dog is prone to itchy skin and is extremely sensitive to flea bites. Which attracts more fleas. They like dry, irritated, easily permeated skin. Most healthy animals aren't that bothered by fleas and some don't get fleas. My brother had an indoor/outdoor cat that didn't. And I have a friend with a dog and cat that don't get fleas which is amazing in this climate. So, there's probably something different about these animals. Just like there's something different about we acne prone people.

I've been looking in to what I could do to improve his skin and have found information on some dogs having a deficient skin barrier because their skin is lacking a ceramide. That lead to me finding info on them lacking linoleic acid, just like acne prone skin.

And I discovered there is a topical 'spot on' treatment called Allerderm Spot on Lipid Complex For damaged epidermal barriers that involves putting a blend of lipids in a spot on the dog, usually the neck, where he won't lick it off just like with the spot on flea treatments.

That means you must be able to change your lipid profile with topically applied lipids!!!!

And you might not necessarily need to apply it directly to your acne prone skin if you don't want to. The way allerderm is not applied to the itchy skin but to some spot where the dog won't lick it off.

Since dogs can't have grapes, I'm trying safflower oil instead of my preferred grapeseed for now. The rest of you should try grapeseed.

Here's some of the info and a study on dogs and Allerderm:

Dogs with allergic skin disease are missing a protein in their protective skin barrier that means water escapes from the skin making it very dry. Ceramide in a deficient skin barrier is lacking a protein called sphingosine. The sphingosine deficient ceramide is like aged, crumbling mortar between the skin cells in the dogs' skin. The skin barrier is permeable or "leaky".

Checklist for Managing the Chronic Canine AD

Allerderm Spot On:

Tretter,S ,Mueller, RS. The influence of topical unsaturated fatty acids and essential oils on normal and atopic dogs- a pilot study. Vet Derm 2010, 21 311-328

Seven dogs with atopic dermatitis and five normal dogs were treated with a spot-on containing essential oils and unsaturated fatty acids once weekly for 8 weeks. In all dogs, transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was measured before and after treatment. In atopic dogs, lesions and pruritus were assessed before and after treatment. The mean CADESI and pruritus scores and TEWL in atopic dogs decreased.

More info on Allerderms informaton sheet. Explains some of the ways a linoleic deficiency causes many skin conditions. (but i've found more, including acne) : http://www.virbacvet...OCT09.sflb.ashx

Dosage for Dogs and cats

6 pipettes of 2 mL each (0.068 oz) for small dogs and cats ≤ 20 lb 6 pipettes of 4 mL each (0.135 oz) for medium and large dogs ≥ 20 lb

I've been trying to find the ingredients in the spot on treatment for dogs and cats. So far, all I've found is that it contains ceramides, free fatty acids, and cholesterol without specifying which. I'm pretty sure it includes some omega 3 in addition to the linoleic acid. I've found info on capsules to be taken orally. They have a couple of formulas:

Allerderm EFA-Caps Guaranteed Analysis (per capsule): Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA) 80 mg, Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) 50 mg, Linoleic Acid (LA) 30 mg, Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) 18 mg, Vitamin A 800 IU, Vitamin D 25 IU, Vitamin E 11 IU

Allerderm EFA-Caps Ingredients: Fish oil, borage seed oil and sunflower seed oil (sources of fatty acids), glycerin, purified water, d-alpha tocopherol (source of vitamin E), vitamin A palmitate

Allerderm EFA-Z Plus Guaranteed Analysis (per mL): Linoleic Acid 510 mg, Vitamin A 136 IU, Vitamin E 1.9 IU, Zinc 2.1 mg, Pyridoxine HCI 0.10 mg, Biotin 2.0 µg, Inositol 0.38 mg

Allerderm EFA-Z Plus Ingredients: Sunflower seed oil, fish oil and borage seed oil (sources of fatty acids), zinc sulfate, natural and artificial flavoring, alpha tocopherol acetate (source of vitamin E), silica, propylparaben, inositol, pyridoxine HCl, vitamin A palmitate, methylparaben, biotin

A pretty good paper: Atopy, pyoderma and the skin: Barrier function and beyond....... About dogs and cats, but there's lots of reference to human skin problems and research and products for humans. There's quite a few citations at the bottom that I haven't looked at yet.


Hi Everyone,

I feel personally obliged to tell everyone suffering from adult acne that I found a remedy after 15 years of upsetting adult acne. Of course we are all unique, so it probably wouldn't work for everyone.

Over 15 years of struggling with moderate adult acne (non-pitting), extremely sensitive skin, and now aging skin, I believe I struck gold.

I have exhausted everything I know to be out there. I was on Accutane twice, and had to stop 10 years ago to avoid liver damage and future birth defects. Accutane is the only product that annhilated my acne, but the price (healthwise) would have been too high to continue. The acne came back within a year of stopping the course. I also tried every topical and oral antibiotic known to man, and birth control pills, only to either have a shredded stomach or uncontrollable weight gain.

I've tried all kinds of upscale and physician recommended products. I tried microdermabrasion and AHA's, etc..., but my skin is very sensistive, and those 'gentle' exfoliation treatments have only worsened the scarring and irritation. Oh yes, and I had a peeling problem. My skin, apart from being acne-prone, was very dry, and was flaky, I was even wondering if I had psoriasis of the face...

I have been a vegetarian for almost 21 years, and even do liquid fasts twice per week, and nothing made my skin better. I was becoming resigned to having bad skin for the rest of my life, basically knowing that I'd suffer from acne until my skin dried up and became old and wrinkled. Until starting 10 weeks ago.

I gave it one more shot, and read online about the studies done with Niacinamide/Nicotinamide. I've been using Niapads in the morning, Freederm at night, and oral Niacinamide 1000mg 5days/week. In just 2 weeks, I stopped getting breakouts!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

I still get a pimple here and there, but I can now count on one hand how many I get per month. As of 4 weeks into this regimen, the zits are no longer a problem. Now, I am just waiting out to see if some of the scarring and melasma (from years of popping and scrubbing) will fade some more. Niacinamide is reputed to help fading of discoloration.

I do not know how much longer to continue taking oral Niacinamide in these amounts, because I'm unsure of long terms effects of it. But I will use the topical products until the end of my days. Maybe when I turn 50 in 15 years, I will stop to see if it's necessary anymore... The good thing is I noticed no drying. I feel beautiful and free again- I haven't felt this way since I was 19. I am ecstatic over this. If one more person can benefit from reading this, then I will be glad.

I am not advertising anything, but if any niacinamide company wanted me to do an ad for them for free, I'm pretty sure I would.


(For adults only, since it's not clear it's been studied in kids, or that there's a known safety record for taking mega-doses of niacinamide for years on end.)

Since people are taking niacin (often, a less safe form of niacin not shown to have any relevance to acne) for acne, I thought it worth pointing out you can roll your own version of a niacin treatment that was actually studied and that produced a measurable impact on acne symptoms for a significant percentage of those studied. Though sold as a prescription med as Nicomide, you can get all the ingredients off of (probably many other places as well):

Take one set of these per day with meal. Allow 8 weeks for results (if any) to be established.

Nicomide is one of the more successful supplements for acne/rosacea, assuming their study wasn't fudged.


Of the patients studied, 79% reported their improvement in appearance as moderately better or much better, as measured by patient global evaluation, and 55% reported moderate (26%-50% reduction in lesions) or substantial (>50% reduction in lesions) improvement after 4 weeks of treatment (P<.0001). The percentage of patients who responded to therapy continued to increase through the 8 weeks of treatment.

Of course, self reporting is a lousy way to measure an acne treatment, one designed to give your product every percentage point due to placebo effect and optimistic patient bias. Still, for people dreaming of a pill solution, it's a chance to try something that was actually studied, where there's actually some record of safety (in adults, at least).

It may be that the megadose of niacinamide acts on acne exactly as one of the downstream effects of melatonin does: by regenerating glutathione, which takes out the excess superoxide that P. acnes needs to create inflammation.


For tiny pimples which I call surface types:

I have found that benzyl peroxide works great. Takes a few days but dries them up. I have found that a lower 5% concentration works better without over drying. I use Oxy Clinical time released. When my skin is dry, I alternate Olay night repair moisturizer (it's a purple cream)



Sometimes heat--a wet wash cloth heated in microwave and held on cysts. I have noticed either they come to a head quicker OR they deflate.

I also mix an aspirin with some water based moisturizer and spot treatment (supposed to decrease inflammation)

OTC antibiotic cream (I use Bacitracin)

Sulfur (in many masks. Mario Badescu has one which i have used..I've also used green tea poultice (with sulfur) from Skintactix

**Going to try out an oil blend called Thieves from Young Living and see how that works. Eucalyptus is supposed to be effective on acne***

Hi! Thought I would get some feedback from all the great minds here. Despite having acne since I started college, I still feel confused on what to do most times. lol I am now 34 and it depresses me to have to deal with this. I know it is fairly common, and all you guys here show it isn't just a random problem, but seriously, I rarely see people my age with these problems. Maybe they are experts at covering it up. lol smile.png

Anyhow, a little background on me. Like I said I got acne in college. The years up to that point my face was nice. no problems other than oiliness, but never had any acne. I was blessed! After school every day I would wash my face with Noxzema and every friday night I would steam my face, apply some st ives blue clay (It was in a blue plastic container but I never see it any more). When that dried, I would use an old toothbrush and "brush" the clay off my face. lol I do NOT know how I came up with this, but i guess it was exfoliation. To say the least, my skin was not sensitive. In college I only got mall bumps, which I would attribute to the whole change of environment and stress factor. I met my husband and we married 2009. 4 months later I became pregnant and from then on my skin was problematic. I swear pregnancy somehow screwed me up, whether through hormones or something. lol But, I was 20 at the time, so maybe it was just adult onset. Anyhow, the spots would be more numerous than i liked, but they were not nodules or anything.

After having my son, my skin went through cycles. I would still have spots, but nothing severe. Looking back on pics now, you can't even tell. They were easily covered. Probably two years later I started getting really bad areas. I remember once I had this cluster of bumps just below the tip of my mouth. It was painful, swollen and oh man when it popped it excreted amounts that horrified me. But, it healed with no scar or mark. I would get nodules or cysts (still not real sure the difference). They were painful bumps that would sometimes just engorge. I would put hot compresses on them and they'd come to a head or some would deflate and just disappear. But I didn't get them all the time..mainly just small bumps that would be inflamed but would come to a head within a few days.

Several years ago, maybe 4 I got fed up with having acne..any type! I was always having spots it seemed, al though they were not always nodule type. Always inflamed, though. I don't really get blackheads or whiteheads..just acne that i think would be a typical mild type if it just wouldn't inflame so much! This is the time I started reading about the gluten and acne connection. So, I cut out gluten. After a month, I didn't notice much difference. So the next month, I added dairy to the list of avoided foods. After a month of that i didn't notice a difference. (that would be two months gluten free and one month dairy free) However, I did notice a difference in my female cycle! That first period after cutting Normally my length is 3-4 days. That period after dairy free--it lasted an entire week! It was freaky! Now, i don't know what is in the milk, but that convinced me enough that something was indeed in it! Now, to be clear my cycles are always extremely regular. I start on the same day every month, unless I am stressed and it makes it late. But it is very predictable. And it always lasts 3-4 days. I still started on the correct day BUT it lasted 7 days. I just really don't think that was coincidence. Did any other girls who went dairy free notice any changes??

Needless to say I didn't stick with the whole dairy and gluten thing. I do eat less processed foods, sugar and whatnot. I eat whole wheat products, veggies, fruits. The last several months to a year I haven't had continuous nodule type acne. Just inflamed spots. I haven't noticed any cycle to it, like only happening hormonally or anything. I started using Skintactix products which I liked. An antibacterial cleanser, a glycolic exfoliater gel, then a green tea "mask". Really the mask was clay, sulfur, green tea and other stuff. But it soaked up the extra oil on my face and the green tea helped block DHT I guess. I like this regimen, but it didn't clear me 100%

Last year I decided i would start on retinol. Maybe I should point out that I do not insurance, so a trip to a derm is not in my budget. I heard that prescript A was great on acne, so my idea was to try it out drug store style. Besides, I never used retinoI and wanted to start out low and slow to make sure I could handle it. I bought a product from neutrogena. The next morning after the first use, my skin flaked. I found this promising. I kept up with it using every few days, working up to more. I did 2 days with the retinol, one day off. Some times on the day off I would use a glycolic cream (from sugar extrac and rhubbard and papaya I think--It was Reviva Labs, 10% glycolic). I could tell my skin was clearing, and the pores looked a lot better. I have always had large pores and oily skin. I noticed my pores were looking like they were smaller. I was happy! I also started steaming my face for 15 mins 2x a week. Now, I would still get inflamed mini nodules (like regular acne but inflamed and swollen bumps bigger than reg acne, but would come to a head). I thought, ok, if I have worked up to using the OTC very regularly without a prob, I might get even better results with a better concentrated formula.

I bought Skinceuticals .3% (that's point 3 lol) in Nov 2011. I started using it sparingly again to see how my skin reacted. I didn't get the peeling effect but everything seemed to go well. I was using 10%bp diluted into Derma E vitamin A moisturizer in the mornings. I've spot treated at night with a otc antibiotic gel or the skintactix clay (sulfur). I was still using the glycolic off and on. Plus steaming. I made it though my cycle without spots forming. Like i said I never noticed my acne only occurring during my cycle, but I would tend to get at least one extra during that time, so I would have say 2 at any given point, plus at least one that would show up the week before my period. So, when I had made it through without any forming, I thought ok, finally I am fixing something.

Well, Feb 14 marked the third month of the skinceuticals. Last month I broke out in many nodules two weeks before my period. I haven't seen these types in some time! And i mean, many. I had 5-6..beside my nose, on my chin...they lasted until my period. I was so upset but thought maybe it was the retinol clearing out my skin? I have read that you get several months worth of breakouts in a short period of time, so I pushed on. I did try to look at other variables, though. In Jan I started exercising--low impact which is more toning, resistance I guess. I had also started a new condition and I was taking several herbs. I have anxiety which is bad in social situations. I noticed I just produce insane amounts of oil in social situations--which i assume if from the stress. So, I started kava only for going out. Then I thought maybe a stress manager would help so I also got siberian ginseng, gotu kola, andAndrographis. later I researched and found some shouldn't be taken concurrently. So, I stopped them. I stopped the conditioner because i saw it had algae extract in it.

This month...a repeat of last month with a breakout 2 weeks before my period. Started with 3 spots 2 weeks before plus 2 spots the week 5 total. And they are still here..dying but and not hurting, but...

I haven't used the retinol since Feb 23 (so a week today) because my skin was getting too dry with the bp spot treatments and sulfur. Now my skin is cracked near the corners of my mouth, so I'm just using moisturizer and the OTC antibiotic gel. Trying to get it all back in balance.

I am sorry it is so long, but I thought the background may be important. I have some questions:

1. If i didn't get cycle acne before, especially not mid cycle breakouts, can this be hormonal? And if it is, what might have made it so bad when months before it wasn't?

2. Can exercising, with weights cause the breakouts, at least initially? I do a 30 minute workout called Body Electric--it sometimes comes on free public channels. It consists of a few mins of warmup, then a workout that is low impact but does use weights to tone. I use 3lb weights, so I am not doing bulk up workouts lol. It concludes with a few mins cool down. I do not sweat with this, so it is not sweat induced.

3. Can the reaction be from the algae extract in the conditioner? I wash my hair at night and sleep on it.

4. Could be a reaction or interaction between the herbs? I took the herbs in Jan and my first period after that was Feb the flare ups were 2 weeks before. As soon as i got the flare up, I stopped the could they still induce a reaction 4 weeks after the last flare up?

5. I also use bentonite clay to help clean out toxins and I drink burdock root tea. I have also taken milk thistle in the last month. Could a cleaning from the milk thistle induce a reaction? I've used bentonite and burdock for months prior with no noticeable problems.

I have bought digestive enzymes and probiotics that I have been using the last week or two after reading about the benefits.

I also take flax oil and cod liver oil.

I'm thinking that since I may have reached a great spot with the retinol now, I should cut back on it. I don't know what a maintenance frequency might be? I really like it's properties as I read it does what both BHA and AHAs do. Plus, I do get these kernels (like sesame seeds) that come out of my skin so I assume I do have problems with cells getting trapped in the pores. Even when my nodules resolve I notice that almost every time a little kernel will come out. A bump will remain, although the acne is gone and eventually the little kernel makes it way to the top. Once that comes out, the spot completely clears up (besides a red mark). Will using this maybe 2x a week or every 3 days be enough to keep the benefits of clearing out my pores?

Should I add in a BHA or AHA? I was using the AHA and clearing off the top skin while the retinol worked from the inside. I think I have met in the middle now, so do I need to keep incorporating either of these?

I'm grateful for any suggestions. And, if you took the time to read over this, I am so thankful and hope to benefit from your experience and help. I don't want to overdo my regimen..and I seriously think I do exactly that at times. lol Acne just frustrates me so much and makes me desperate. Desperation sometimes makes me stupid. smile.png

Thanks again for any insight! I feel this is the only place I can talk about it. My hsuabnd is so kind and sweet, but he has no clue about acne. lol Besides, I feel kinda silly/embarrassed discussing it with him. I wish I could go to a derm but without insurance, I can't afford it. Hopefully, once my husband gets his masters we can get a good insurance plan!


Jan 22, 2013: Started 2% SA from Diana Yvonne (skinbio)

Jan 24, 2013: Stared multi B complex

Feb 5, 2013: started using ACV toner (diluted to 4pH) to help bring levels to normal after washing

Feb 8, 2013: 6 big spots, inflamed, ice doesn't help..using TTO

Feb 19, 2013: spots coming to head

Feb 25, 2013: spots still coming up, bad skin, dull, red

April, 1, 2013: spots still getting bad but not super cysts--just inflamed (nodules?)

April 2, 2013: stopped ACV toner thinking it may be either irritating skin or drying too much

April 5/6: spots clearing

April 7, lots of plugs coming out

April 8, stopped SA for most part and using Olay cream--skin dry

April 13-14 taking aleve to help with inflammation

April 17, started new makeup (rimmel). no new spots, just ones not coming to heads.

April 20--big spots on chin, painful cyst like. First day of period so maybe hormone related. Taking aleve.

May: been back on SA in the mornings and BP in the evenings. face seems to be doing well enough. Still seeing spots, but more inflamed bumps, not cyst type. Plugs still coming out. saw someone say they purged for 6 weeks on SA so I am hopeful this may be the case. Took a while to start anything that looked like purging, but guess that can't be unnatural since many report having a purge around 12 weeks or so on Retin A..and SA probably takes longer.

Started taking Niacin (the insotiol or whatever stuff). Half a 500mg capsule here and there. Also taking a multi vit and a b complex still.

may 13, about 16 weeks on SA now. So 4 months.

Been using as regimen:

morning, wash, use tiny bit of ACV toner, add SA. After the 20 mins or so, use olay moisturizer or other moisturizer. Or use skintactix green tea poultice.

night: wash, use BP (5% oxy clinical), spot treat with either antibiotic cream , TT, or sulfur mask.

Skin has been drying out, so thinking the poultice and the BP is too much. So, not going to use full face poultice until summer if my skin gets real oily, as the clay helps keep it matte.

I've had cystic acne since age 13, and wanted to share some of the methods I've used to get rid of it. I will admit that some of the methods I've used are not safe to perform on one's self, but others are non invasive, inexpensive, and quite useful. I am a big fan of DIY because the nearest medical center that accepts my insurance is a hospital, and I do not always have time to jump through the hoops necessary to make a non emergency appointment, or wait for three hours every time I have a cyst, nor do I have the money for frequent trips to the clinic.

My acne did become more mild, though more frequent, when I went on Yasmin for Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, as it is hormnally triggered. However, if I mess up and miss a day, or have to miss a month because there's been an error in my pharmacy's paperwork, or I'm late to see a doctor to renew my prescription, it does not hesitate to drop by for a visit. When it does, this is the routine I do. It can, occasionally lead to scarring (which slowly goes away in my case, though I admit I am lucky it does, and it takes a long time), so I must stress the importance of not being aggressive with this method.

Step 1; Lance it: Please note: if the acne is not protruding from the skin, SKIP THIS STEP. You'll only do more harm than good. However, if despite your efforts, the spot looks like it should be "pop-able", and simply grows larger, not coming to a head, this is step one to a quick fix. Basically, taking a sterilized, sharp object, and puncturing the cyst. this allows it to drain some, whilst applying mild pressure, the curved part of a bobby pin works quite well, so that you don't touch the wounded lesion with your hands. Once no more clear fluid will come out with mild pressure, don't fuss with the spot anymore, you could just make it worse. If you've lanced your cyst/nodule, I cannot stress how important it is to continue with the next two steps. if you don't you run the risk of infection, and actually making matters worse.

Step 2; Dry it: Once the cyst has begun draining, I try to further dry it with hydrogen peroxide solution to burn off any excess fluid near the surface, followed by swabbing with witch hazel (rubbing alcohol). It's also a precautionary measure to keep the area clean, as an incision was just made. Remember, swab, don't scrub. This is delicate work, and being overly aggressive will only make things worse, and cause the affected area to scab terribly.

***Step 3; Neosporin***: It is possible to skip the first two, and just use neosporin. I'm impatient, and a little obsessive in messing with the cysts myself. Neosporin allows the area to heal, and reverses the excessive drying from the previous step. It's also an antibacterial topical, so sometimes if the spot is simply red, and painful, and is not "lance-able", or you're smart enough to not puncture your own skin, putting neosporin on top of the cyst/nodule, and covering it with a band aid before going to sleep will actually help to reduce it in size, or draw it to the surface so that it can be treated like mild to medium acne. Of the three steps, I swear by this one.

Post-traumatic skin treatment: Finally, if my skin has been breaking out more frequently, I replace face lotion with olive oil. Simply apply with a cotton ball, and use the other side to wipe off the excess. It effectively stops excessive drying, and has non comedogenic, and antibacterial properties which actually help the skin to clear up. Some chemical exfoliants can also help to make break outs less frequent, I try to do them once a month, right before I know I'm about to break out (being female, it coincides with my menstrual cycle, so that makes preventative measures a little more predictable), and that seems to keep the mild to moderate at bay, if the breakout is not a result of not taking the pill properly.

This method is not fool proof, however, I've been getting rid of my cystic acne this way for 9 years. It is not completely dissimilar from the methods used by professionals, as it is simply drawing out the fluid, keeping the area clean and administering an anti inflamatory. That said, when mine occurs, it has always simply been one, sizeable blemish, not several, at a time. It may not work for everyone, but for those who happen to be as delusional as I am in thinking a doctor shouldn't be necessary for their acne, I hope this is useful. I also reccommend drinking lots of water, as it flushes out toxins in the body, and turmeric makes a great anti-inflamatory, which can be purchased at most health food stores, and possibly in the aisle that keeps all other seasonings in your local grocery store. My old roommate had much worse cystic acne than I, and has even used honey as a topical mask for its antibacterial properties, though that can be quite messy.

The most important thing is don't mess with your skin too much. Trust me, from experience, it makes matters much worse, and you'll wish you left it alone in the first place.


As a companion to the Master Comedogenic Ingredients List. This contains products whose formulation does not contain a single ingredient that has a comedogenic ingredient of 3 or higher.

This is purely informational. I am not making any blanket statements concerning any particular product. Use this post to inform yourself. What you choose to slather on your face is your own business.

If any products change their formulation or if you have cross-checked a product yourself that you'd like to add, please let me know.

CeraVe Hydrating Cleanser

Purified Water, Glycerin, Behentrimonium Methosulfate and Cetearyl Alcohol, Ceramide 3, Ceramide 6-II, Ceramide 1, Hyaluronic Acid, Cholesterol, Polyoxyl 40 Stearate, Glyceryl Monostearate, Stearyl Alcohol, Polysorbate 20, Potassium Phosphate, Dipotassium Phosphate, Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate, Cetyl Alcohol, Disodium EDTA, Phytosphingosine, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, Carbomer, Xanthan Gum

CeraVe Foaming Facial Cleanser

Purified Water, Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine, Glycerin, Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate, PEG-150 Pentaerythrityl Terastearate and PEG-6 Caprylic/Capric Glycerides, Niacinamide, Propylene Glycol, Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate, Ceramide 3, Ceramide 6-II, Ceramide I, Hyaluronic Acid, Cholesterol, Sodium Chloride, Phytosphingosine, Citric Acid, Edetate Disodium, Dihydrate, Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, Carbomer, Xanthan Gum

CeraVe AM SPF 30

Active Ingredients: Homosalate 12%, Octinoxate 7.5%, Zinc Oxide 3.5%, Octocrylene 2%

Inactive Ingredients: Purified Water, Niacinamide, Behentrimonium methosulfate, Cetearyl alcohol, Glycerin, Hyaluronic acid, Dimethicone, Ceramide 3, Ceramide 6-II, Ceramide 1, Cholesterol, Phytosphingosine, Disodium EDTA, Sodium lauroyl lactylate, Methylparaben, Propylparaben, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Aluminum starch octenylsuccinate, Boron nitride, Carbomer, Xanthan gum

Neutrogena Extra Gentle Cleanser

Water (Purified), Glycerin, Capric/Caprylic Stearic Triglyceride, Cetyl Ricinoleate, Isohexadecane, TEA Cocoyl Glutamate, Methyl Glucose Sesquistearate, Stearyl Alcohol, Cetearyl Alcohol, PEG 40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, PEG 20 Methyl Glucose Sesquistearate, Bisabolol (L-Alpha), Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate (Licorice Root), Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate, Tetrasodium EDTA, Acrylates/C10 30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Triethanolamine, BHT, Geranium, Dipropylene Glycol, Phenoxyethanol, Propylparaben, Methylparaben

Neutrogena Ultra Gentle Daily Cleanser

Water, Glycerin, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Lauryl Glucoside, Potassium Accylates Copolymer, PEG 120 Methyl Glucose Dioleate, Disodium Lauroamphodiacetate, Sodium Cocoyl Sarcosinate, Ethylhexylglycerin, Caprylyl Glycol, Potassium Sorbate, Fragrance

Neutrogena Oil-Free Redness Soothing Facial Cleanser

Active Ingredients: Salicylic Acid (2%) (Acne Treatment)

Inactive Ingredients: Water, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Propylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Decyl Glucoside, PPG 5 Ceteth 20, Anthemis Nobilis (Roman Chamomile) Flower Extract, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract (Matricaria), Cocamidopropyl PG-Dimonium Chloride Phosphate, Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis) Extract, Tetrahydroxypropyl Ethylenediamine, C12 15 Alkyl Lactate, Sodium Lactate, Menthyl Lactate, Disodium EDTA, Sodium Benzotriazole Butylphenol Sulfonate, Betaine (Sugar Beet), Dehydroxanthan Gum, Benzalkonium Chloride Solution, DMDM Hydantoin, Yellow 5 Lake, Blue 1 Lake (CI 42090), Fragrance

Simple Refreshing Facial Wash Gel

Water (Aqua), Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Propylene Glycol, Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose, Panthenol, Disodium EDTA, Sodium Hydroxymethylglycinate

Simple Smoothing Facial Scrub

Water (Aqua), Mineral Oil (Paraffinum Liquidum), Cocoglucoside, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Powder, Polyethlene, Vegetable Oil, Panthenol, Tocopheryl Acetate, Pelargonium Graveolens Oil, Anthemis Nobilis Flower Oil, Acrylates Copolymer, Acrylates/C10 30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Sodium Hydroxymethylglycinate, Dipropylene Glycol, Disodium EDTA, Methylparaben

Burt's Bees Natural Acne Solutions Purifying Gel Cleanser

Active Ingredients: Salicylic Acid (1.0%)(Acne Treatment)

Inactive Ingredients: Water, Decyl Glucoside, Lauryl Glucoside, Sucrose Laurate, Salix Nigra (Willow Bark) Extract (Willow), Coco Betaine, Betaine (Sugar Beet), Beet (Beta Vulgaris) Extract (Beet), Oenothera Biennis Leaf Extract (Evening Primrose), Sodium Cocoyl Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, Hydroxypropyltrimonium Honey, Glycerin, Glyceryl Oleate, Coco Glucoside, Fragrance, Glucose, Alcohol Denatured, Glucose Oxidase, Lactoperoxidase, Citric Acid, Sodium Chloride, Phenoxyethanol

Burt's Bees Radiance Daily Cleanser with Royal Jelly

Water, Decyl Glucoside, Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Oleosomes, Sodium Cocoyl Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, Glycerin, Coco Glucoside, Glyceryl Oleate, Fragrance, Royal Jelly, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Vaccinium Myrtillus (Bilberry) Extract, Sugar Cane (Saccharum Officinarum) Extract, Sugar Maple Extract, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) (Sweet Orange Peel Extract), Lemon (Citrus Medica Limonium) Extract, Glucose, Xanthan Gum, Citric Acid, Sodium Chloride, Lactoperoxidase, Glucose Oxidase

Pond's Luminous Clean Daily Exfoliating Cleanser

Water, Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate, Propylene Glycol, Stearic Acid, Cetearyl Alcohol, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Oxidized Polyethylene, Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate, Sodium Lauroyl Sulfoacetate, Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose, Sodium Isethionate, Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate, Polyethylene, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), DMDM Hydantoin, Fragrance, Disodium EDTA, Acacia Senegal Gum, Gelatin, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Kaolin, Mica, Red 30, Tin Oxide, Titanium Dioxide

Pond's Cold Cream The Cool Classic

Mineral Oil, Water, Ceresin, Beeswax, Triethanolamine, Behenic Acid, Fragrance, Ceteth 20, Cetyl Alcohol, Carbomer, DMDM Hydantoin, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Methylparaben

Aqua Glycolic Facial Cleanser

Water (Purified), Glycolic Acid, Ammonium Glycolate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Amino Methyl Propanol, Sorbitol, Stearyl Alcohol, Methylparaben, Propylparaben

Glory for Girls Everyday Foaming Cleanser

Aqua/Water/Eau (Water), Polysorbate 20, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water, Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine, Citrus Grandis (Pink Grapefruit) Peel Oil, Lactic Acid (L), Decyl Glucoside, Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate, Glycerin, Allantoin (Comfrey Root), Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Fruit Seed Extract, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Euterpe Oleracea (Acai Fruit) Extract, Arctium Lappa (Burdock) Root Extract, Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis) Leaf Juice (organic NOP certified), Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate, Xanthan Gum, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Sorbitol, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Linalool, Limonene, Citral, Citronellol, Geraniol

DDF Blemish Foaming Cleanser

Salicylic Acid ([1.8%] Acne Medication)

Water, Amino Methyl Propanol, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Propylene Glycol, Triethanolamine, Cocamide DEA, Phenoxyethanol, Methylparaben, Allantoin (Comfrey Root) (Comfrey Root), Azelaic Acid, DMDM Hydantoin, Citric Acid, Disodium EDTA, Fragrance, Propylparaben, Commiphora Myrrha (Myrrh) Extract, Hydrastis Canadensis (Goldenseal) Extract, Propylene Glycol, Water, Trifolium Pratense (Clover) Flower Extract, Calendula (Calendula Officinalis) Flower Extract, Symphytum Officinale (Comfrey Root) Extract, Echinacea Angustifolia (Coneflower) Extract, Panthenol, Blue 1 Lake (CI 42090)

Cremo Face Moisturizer

Water, Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Oleosomes, Neopentyl Glycol Diheptanoate, Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil, Jojoba Esters, Hydroxyethyl Urea, Pentylene Glycol, Algae Extract, Mugwort (Artemisia Vulgaris) Extract, Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis) Leaf Juice, Xanthan Gum, Allantoin, Polyacrylate 13, Polyisobutene, Polysorbate 20, Capryl Hydroxamic Acid, Phenoxyethanol, Methylpropanediol, Farnesol, Linalool

Willa Face Friendly Clear Face Moisturizer

Water, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Flower/Leaf/Stem Water, Glycerin, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Mangifera Indica (Mango) Fruit Extract, Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Fruit Extract, Zea Mays (Corn) Silk Extract, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract, Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Eucalyptus Radiata Flower/Leaf/Stem Oil, Xanthan Gum, Sodium Phytate, Sodium Hydroxide, Dehydroacetic Acid, Benzyl Alcohol

Vanicream Sport Sunscreen SPF 35

Zinc Oxide (8%), Octinoxate (7.5%)

Water (Purified), Cyclomethicone, Glycerin, Tridecyl Neopentanoate, Cyclopentasiloxane, Cetyl/PEG/PPG 10/1 Dimethicone, Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Polyethylene, Cyclomethicone, Dimethicone, PEG 30 Dipolyhydroxystearate, Vitamin E, Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate, Triethoxycaprylylsilane

Vanicrema Sunscreen Sensitive Skin, SPF 60

Titanium Dioxide (5%), Zinc Oxide (5%)

Alumina, C12 15 Alkyl Benzoate, Capric/Caprylic Stearic Triglyceride, Cetearyl Isononanoate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate/triethoxycaprylylsilane (Crosspolymer), Methylpropanediol, PEG 12 Dimethicone, PEG 30 Dipolyhydroxystearate, Phenyltrimethicone, Polyethylene, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Water (Purified), Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate (Vitamin C), Stearyl Dimethicone, Tetrasodium EDTA, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Triethoxycaprylylsilane

EltaMD UV Clear SPF 46

Zinc Oxide (9.0%, UVA/UVB Sunscreen), Octinoxate (7.5%, UVA/UVB Sunscreen)

Water, Cyclomethicone, Niacinamide, Octyldodecyl Neopentanoate, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Polyisobutene, PEG 7 Trimethylolpropane Coconut Ether, Sodium Hyaluronate, Tocopheryl Acetate, Lactic Acid, Oleth 3 Phosphate, Phenoxyethanol, Butylene Glycol, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Triethoxycaprylylsilane

Blue Lizard Australian Sunscreen Daily Moisturizer SPF 30+

Octinoxate (5.5%), Zinc Oxide (8%)

Water (Purified), C12 15 Alkyl Benzoate, Cyclomethicone, Lauryl PEG/PPG 18/18 Methicone, Polyacrylamide, C13 14 Isoparaffin, Laureth 7, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Hyaluronic Acid, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Beeswax (Apis Mellifera), Caffeine, Diazolidinyl Urea, Methylparaben, Propylparaben

Boots No7 Protect & Perfect Intense Beauty Serum

Cyclopentasiloxane, Aqua/Water/Eau (Water), Butylene Glycol, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Cyclohexasiloxane, Glycerin, Arabinogalactan, Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate (Vitamin C), Magnesium Sulfate, Dimethicone Copolyol (Silica), Phenoxyethanol, Sodium PCA, Cetyl/PEG/PPG 10/1 Dimethicone, Hexyl Laurate, Polyglyceryl 4 Isostearate, Retinyl Acetate (Vitamin A), Medicago Sativa (Alfalfa) Extract (Alfalfa), Methylparaben, Propylene Glycol, Lupinus Albus Seed Extract, Butylparaben, Ethylparaben, Carbomer, Propylparaben, Isobutylparaben, Polysorbate 20, Ginseng (Panax Ginseng) Root Extract, Morus Alba (Mulberry) Leaf Extract, Tocopherol (Natural Vitamin E), Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide

Boots No7 Lifting & Firming Night Cream

Aqua/Water/Eau (Water), Glycerin, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) Fruit (Shea butter), Cyclopentasiloxane, Steareth 21, C12 15 Alkyl Benzoate, Capric/Caprylic Stearic Triglyceride, Cyclohexasiloxane, Dimethicone, Polyacrylamide, Cetearyl Alcohol, Steareth 2, Glyceryl Stearate, PVP

Shea Moisture Organic Shea Butter

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) , Extracts of Frankincense and Myrrh , Tocopherol (Vitamin E) , Essential Oil Blend

Cetaphil DermaControl Oil Control Moisturizer SPF 30

Avobenzone 3%, Octisalate (5%), Octocrylene (7%)

Water, Isopropyl Lauroyl Sarcosinate, Glycerin, Dimethicone, Diisopropyl Sebacate, Silica, Polymethyl Methacrylate, Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate, Sucrose Tristearate, Dimethiconol, Pentylene Glycol, Polysorbate 61, Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate, Phenoxyethanol, Caprylyl Glycol, Tocopheryl Acetate, Glycyrrhetinic Acid, Panthenol, Triethanolamine, Allantoin, Carbomer, Potassium Sorbate, Zinc Gluconate, Xanthan Gum, Disodium EDTA, Hydroxypalmitoyl Sphinganine

Alba Botanica Natural AcneDote Oil Control Lotion

Salicylic Acid 2.0% Acne Treatment

Aqua/Water/Eau, Ethylhexyl Stearate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glycerin, Cetyl Alcohol, Dimethicone, Cetearyl Olivate, Sorbitan Olivate, Polysorbate 60, Azadirachta Indica (Neem) Extract, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Extract, Carum Petroselinum (Parsley) Extract, Melissa Officinalis Leaf Extract, Salix Alba (Willow) Bark Extract, Urtica Dioica (Nettle) Extract, Potassium Hydroxide, Xanthan Gum, Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, Dehydroacetate Acid, Phenoxyethanol, Citral, Limonene, Linalool, Fragrance (Parfum), Certified Organic Ingredient, Naturally Derived Botanical Fragrance

Queen Helene Mint Julep Mask

Water, Kaolin, Bentonite (CI 77004), Glycerin, Zinc Oxide, Propylene Glycol, Sulfur, Chromium Oxide Green (CI#77288), Fragrance (Parfum), Phenoxyethanol, Methylparaben

Simple Replenishing Rich Moisturizer

Water (Aqua), Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Glycerin, Polyglyceryl 3 Methylglucose Distearate, Stearyl Alcohol, Panthenol, Polyacrylamide, Stearic Acid, C13 14 Isoparaffin, Caprylyl Glycol, Laureth 7, Allantoin, Pentylene Glycol, Bisabolol, Disodium EDTA, Lactic Acid, Sodium Lactate, Serine, Sodium Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate, Urea, Sorbitol, Sodium Chloride, Citric Acid, Methylisothiazolinone, Phenoxyethanol

Simple Hydrating Light Moisturizer

Water (Aqua), Glycerin, Polyglyceryl 3 Methylglucose Distearate, Mineral Oil (Paraffinum Liquidum), Cetyl Palmitate, Dimethicone, Borago Officinalis Seed Oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Panthenol, Cetyl Alcohol, Caprylyl Glycol, Carbomer, Potassium Hydroxide, Pentylene Glycol, Bisabolol, Acrylates/C10 30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Disodium EDTA, Sodium Lactate, Lactic Acid, Mica, Serine, urea, Sorbitol, Sodium Chloride, Allantoin, Citric Acid, Methylisothiazolinone, Phenoxyethanol, Titanium Dioxide (CI 77891)

Dickinson's Original Witch Hazel Foaming Facial Wash

Contains: Water, Hamamelis Virgiana (Witch Hazel) Water, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, PEG-80 Sorbitan Laurate, PEG-150 Distearate, Disodium Cocamphodiacetate, Sodium Lauroampho PG Acetate Phosphate, Tetrasodium EDTA, Quaternium-15, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Chamomilla Recutita Flower Extract, Citric Acid, Witch Hazel Flower Extract


For a list of 100% non-comedogenic products, see this post.

One of the most important things you can do for your skin health is to stop using comedogenic ingredients. Unfortunately, the vast majority of cleansers and lotions marketed specifically for acne are comedogenic themselves. This is why acne often worsens the harder you try to treat it topically. The cleansers and lotions you are using are clogging your pores even more.

This is purely informational. I am not making any blanket statements concerning any particular product. Use this post to inform yourself. What you choose to slather on your face is your own business.

I am compiling a master list of comedogenic ingredients. There are existing lists and databases out there, but they are not comprehensive.

Just because something claims to be "non-comedogenic" "non-acnegenic" "oil-free" "dermatologist tested" or "dermatologist approved" does NOT mean the product is free of comedogenic ingredients. These terms are not regulated, and a company can use them however they want. You will find many "non-comedogenic" products that contain the worst offenders on this list!

A major offender is Sodium Lauryl Sulfate and Sodium Laureth Sulfate...contained in many mainstream cleansers.

Ingredients with a comedogenic rating of 3 or higher are highlighted in red.

ingredient : comedogenic factor : irritant factor

1. Lanolins

Acetylated lanolin : 4 : 0

Acetylated lanolin acohol : 4 : 2

Anhydrous lanolin : 0-1 : ?

Lanolin alchol : 0-2 : 2

PEG 16 lanolin (Solulan 16) : 4 : 3

PEG 75 lanolin : 0 : 0

2. Fatty acids

Laurie acid : 4 : 1

Lauric acid : 4 : ?

Myristic acid : 3 : 0

Dioctyl succinate : 3 : 2

Syearyl Heptanoate : 4 : 0

Palmitic acid : 2 : 0

Stearic acid : 2 : 0

Behenic acid : 0 : 0

Ascorbytl palmitate : 2 : 0

Butyl stearate : 3 : 0

Decyl oleate : 3 : 0

Dilsopropyl adipate : 0 : 0

Isopropyl isosterate : 5 : 0

Isopropyl myristate : 5 : 3

Isopropyl palmitate : 4 : 1

Isopropyl linolate : 5 : ?

Isostearyl neopentanoate : 3 : 3

Isostearyl isostearate : 4 : 1

Myristyl lactate : 4 : 2

Octydodecyl stearate : 0 : 0

Stearyl heptanoate : 4 : 0

Tridectyl neopentanoate : 0 : 3

PPG 2 Myristyl Propionate : 3 : 2

Ethylhexyl palmitate : 4 : ?

Isodecyl oleate : 4 : ?

PPG 30 : 0 : 0

3. Alcohols and sugars

SD Alcohol 40 : 0 : 0

Isopropyl alcohol : 0 : 0

Cetyl alcohol : 2 : 2

Cetearyl alcohol : 2 : 1

Stearyl alcohol : 2 : 2

Ceteareth 20 : 4 : 1

Propylene glycol : 0 : 0

PG dicaprylate/caprate : 1 : 0

PG dipelargonate : 2 : 2

Sorbitol : 0 : 0

Sorbitan laurate : 1 : 1

Sorbitan sesquinoleate : 0 : 0

Sorbitan stearate : 0 : 1

Polysorbate 20 : 0 : 0

Polysorbate 80 : 0 : 0

Glycerin : 0 : 0

Glyceryl stearate NSE : 1 : 0

Glyceryl stearate SE : 3 : 2

Pentaerythrital tetra caprai caprylate : 0 : 0

Wheat germ glyceride : 3 : 2

Polyethylene glycol : 1 : 0

PEG 20 stearate : 1 : 0

Laureth-4 : 5 : 4

Laureth-23 : 3 : 0

Oleth-3 : 5 : 2

Oleth-10 : 2 : 1

PPG 30 cetyl ester : 0 : 0

PEG 40 castor oil : 0 : 0

Steareth-2 : 2 : 2

Steareth-10 : 4 : 3

Steareth-20 : 2 : 1

Steareth-100 : 0 : 0

PG Monostearate / Propylene glycol monostearate : 3 : 0

PEG 8 stearate : 3 : 1

Disodium monooleamido PEG 2 Sulfosuccinate : 4 : ?

Glyceryl-3-Diisostearate : 4 : ?

Polyglyceryl-3-diisostearate : 4 : ?

Oleyl alcohol : 4 : ?

Isocetyl alcohol : 4 : 0

Isocetyl stearate : 5 : ?

PEG 200 Dilaurate : 3 : ?

PEG 100 Distearate : 2 : 0

Hexadecyl alcohol : 5 : ?

Octyl stearate : 5 ; ?

Myreth 3 Myrisrate : 4 : ?

4. Waxes

Candelilla wax : 1 : 0

Camuba wax : 1 : 0

Ceresin wax : 0 : ?

Beeswax : 0-2 : 0

Lanolin wax : 1 : 0

Jojoba oil : 0-2 : 0

Sulfated jojoba oil : 3 : 0

Emulsifying wax NF : 0-2 : 0-2

5. Thickeners

Carboxymethylcellulose : 0 : 0

Hydroxypropylcellulose : 1 : 0

Magnesium aluminum silicate : 0 : 0

Carbomer 940 : 1 : 0

Bentonite : 0 : 0

Kaolin : 0 : 0

Talc : 1 : 0

Sorbitan oleate : 3 : 0

6. Oils

Olive oil : 2-4 : ?

Cocoa butter : 4 : 0

Coconut butter : 4 : 0

Cocos Nucifera / Coconut oil : 4 : ?

Grape seed oil : 4 : ?

Crisco : 3 : ?

Hydrogenated vegetable oil : 3 : ?

Peach kernel oil : 4 : ?

Linum usitatissiumum seed oil / Linseed oil : 4 : ?

Sesame oil : 2 : 0

Corn oil : 2-3 : 0

Avocado oil : 2 : 0

Almond oil : 2 : ?

Emu oil : 1 : 0

Camphor oil : 2 : 2

Hazelnut oil : 2 : 0

Hemp seed oil : 0 : ?

Evening primrose oil : 2 : 2

Peanut oil : 2 : 1

Pomegranate oil : 1 : 0

Rosehip oil : 1 : 1

Tamanu oil : 2 : 0

Shea butter : 0 : 0

Argan oil : 0 : 0

Mink oil : 3 : 1

Glycine soja oil / Soybean oil : 3 : 0

Shark liver oil : 3 : 2

Triticum Vulgare / Wheat germ oil : 5 : 2

Cotton seed oil : 3 : ?

Cotton awws : 3 : ?

Apricot kernel oil : 2 : 0

Camphor : 2 : ?

Castor oil : 1 : 0

Hydrogenated castor oil : 1 : 0

Sulfated castor oil : 3 : ?

Sandalwood Seed Oil : 2 : 0

Squalane : 1 : 0

Squalene : 3 : ?

Safflower oil (cold pressed only, high lineolic content) : 0 : 0

Safflower oil (cooking variety, high oleic content) : 4 : ?

Mineral oil : 0 : 0

Petrolatum : 0 : ?

Sesame oil : 2 : ?

Sunflower oil : 0-2 : ?

7. Pigments

D&C red #6 : 1 : 0

D&C red #9 : 1 : 0

D&C red #19 : 2 : 0

D&C red #27 : 2 : 0

D&C red #30 : 3 : 0

D&C red #36 : 3 : 0

D&C red 40 : 2 : 2

Ultramarine violet : 0 : 0

Iron oxides : 0 : 0

Cafmine : 0 : 0

Titanium dioxide : 0 : 0

8. Silicones

Sirnethicone : 1 : 0

Dimethicone : 1 : 0

Cyclomethicone : 0 : 0

9. Sterols

Cholesterol : 0 : 0

Soya sterol : 0 : 0

Peg 5 soya sterol : 0 : 0

Peg 10 soya sterol : 0 : 1

Choleth 24 : 0 : 0

Sterol esters : 0 : 0

10. Vitamins and herbs

Algae extract : 5 : 4

Red Algae : 5 : 2

Tocopherol (vitamin E) : 2 : 2

Tocopheryl acetate : 0 : 0

Black walnut extract : 0 : 0

Chammomile extract : 0 : 0

Vitamin Apalmitate : 2 : 2

Panthenol : 0 : 0

Calendula : 1 : ?

Cold Pressed Aloe : 0 : ?

Carrageenans : 5 : ?

Sodium chloride (salt) : 5 : 0-3

Colloidal sulfur : 3 : ?

Flowers of sulfur : 0 : ?

Beta Carotene : 1 : ?

BHA : 2 : ?

Algin : 4 : ?

Potassium Chloride : 5 : ?

11. Preservatives

Methyl paraben : 0 : 0

Propyl paraben : 0 : 0

Allantoin : 0 : 0

Hydantoin : 0 : 0

Sodium hyaluronate : 0 : 0

12. Detergents

Sodium Laureth Sulfate : 3 : 2

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate : 5 : 2

Sodium Myreth Sulfate 3 : ?

Carbomer 940 : 1 : ?

Hydroxypropyl cellulose : 1 : ?

Kaolin : 0 : ?

13. Misc

Octyl drinethyl PABA : 0 : 0

Oxybenzone : 0 : 0

Octyl methoxycinnamate : 0 : 9

Octyl salicylate : 0 : 0

Lithium stearate : 1 : 0

Magnesium stearate : 1 : 0

Zinc oxide : 1 : 0

Zinc stearate : 0 : 0

Triethanolamine : 2 : 0

Stearic acid TEA : 3 : 2

Sodium PCA : 0 : 0

Hydryolyzed animal protein : 0 : 0

Adamosis stearate : 2 : 2

Xylene : 4 : 3

Zea Mays (Corn Starch) : 2-4 : 2-5

Octyl palmitate : 4 : 1

Sources: Face Reality Pore Clogging Ingredients LIst, Zero Zits Comedogenic List, Let's Talk Acne and Cosmetics, Beneficial Botanicals


I tried to find a pH list of OTC products in the forums and haven't had any luck. I have seen some lists online, but thought I would list ones that I have tested here at home, for anyone interested. If you have tested any yourself or have called/confirmed with a manufacturer and would like to add product pHs here, please do so. I am just now learning about how pH affects the skin and have found that what I've been using has been too high! I figure I can help my skin if I keep it at a more satisfactory level. At least that will be one less variable!

Note: All water listed below is filtered from my tap through a simple cheap Pur system

Products that are not inherently liquid, I added a bit of water to them, thoroughly combined, and then tested.

I used pH strips, so a little guessing is in order. I can't list the exact pH, but I could tell what the range was from the color. This is not a lab created testing, and I'm not portraying it as 100% accurate. However, it is informational enough to give you an idea.

Straight ACV: 3

Diluted ACV in water: 4

Neutrogena Oil Free Acne Stress Control: 4-5

Neutrogena Oil Free Acne Stress Control with water: 5-6

Mario Badescu Buffering Lotion: about 7

Mario Badescu Buffering Lotion + dilute vinegar: 5

Tea Tree Oil (Spring Valley brand) 100% undiluted: about 4

Tea Tree Oil (Spring Valley brand) 100% undiluted with Derma E Vit A Wrinkle Treatment Moisturizer gel + water: about 6

Derma E with water: about 6

Oxy Clinical Clearing Treatment 5% BP: about 5/6

Neutrogena Ultra Gentle Daily Cleanser with water: 7

Neutrogena Ultra Gentle Daily Cleanser with a little straight ACV: about 4

Neutrogena Ultra Gentle Daily Cleanser with Glycolic acid peel liquid: between 4 &5

Desert Essence Thoroughly Clean Face Wash original: 8

Skinceuticals Retinol .3 : 7

Dickinson's Witch Hazel (blue bottle): 5

Stridex Maximum alcohol free (red jar): 4

Epsom Salt and water: 7

Epsom Salt + little straight ACV: 4

Skin Biology (Diana Yvonne) SA 2% @3.2ph (also called exfol serum): 3-4 (was hoping this would be almost dead on the 3)

Alexandre Saint d'Marquis Beverly Hills 25% Glycolic acid, medical grade pure: 1-2

Reviva Labs 10% Glycolic acid cream (glycolic polymer from extracts of pumpkin, sugar, rhubarb): 2-3

From what I understand, using a too high pH will damage your skin and cause it to lose it's ability to naturally fight off acne and other germs, etc. It will degrade the acid mantle. Normal skin range is 4.5-5.5 with an optimum (as I understand) 5.5pH. Many topicals rely on pH to be effective. Even if you get an acid (BHA or AHA) at the correct pH for maximum effectiveness, if you put it on skin that has a high pH, the acid will lose it's ability to properly work. I didn't know this and while I've been using mild topicals, I've never bothered to make sure they were used in the correct environment. I used to use the Desert Essence wash, but wow that's an 8! I did use teh Stridex afterwards (not knowing the pH then) and I assume that if nothing else, it brought the pH down in my skin. At least it is useful for something (since the pH is too high for the SA to work as I understand it). I am currently using the Neutrogena Ultra Gentle, and while it is still high at 7, it is an improvement. I have been using diluted ACV as a toner afterwards to help lower the pH back to normal. I let this dry before applying any acidic topical.

I am wondering, though, if I might be able to mix a bit of my glycolic acid peel into the Neutrogena. In the experiment above, it effectively brought the pH down to a 4-5. Of course, at this level, I expect that I'd see no exfoliation properties, and that's ok because it's a cleanser and I don't intend to leave it on long enough anyways. But, it will work to bring the pH down. I have not tried this on my face, however. I am wondering if it would be ok to add? I found a product called sebamed which is formulated to 5.5, but i can't find it in any local store and it is back-ordered online. Also, it's more expensive than the Neutrogena. I'm so far happy with my current cleanser (it is listed under the 100% non-comodegenic list in the forum)--It would be perfect if the pH was optimum. Hence the curiosity if you can manually lower the ph by adding the glycolic peel liquid (this is an actual peel--not leave on. You use for a few mins and then must neutralize). I would assume since the neutrogena is higher in pH and the combined pH is only 4-5, surely no need to neutralize and the acid won't have any exfoliating effect..or very little. I'd love to hear any thoughts on that!



Skintactix products:

Green Tea Poultice: 3.8

Antibacterial Cleanser: 3.6

Glycolic Cleanser: 3.7

Septicide Cleanser: 3.6

Cucumber Scrub: 3.3

Pineapple Scrub: 3.4

Glycolic Exfoliator: 5.5

Gentle Follicle Exfoliator: 3.3

Inhibiting Gel: 3.9

Blackhead Dissolver: 3.6

Treatment Moisturizer: 3.7

Titanium Dioxide Sunscreen: 3.7


Products to check into

Moisturizers - Neostrata - Ultra-Smoothing Cream (10% Glycolic Acid)

Sebamed clear face items[showUid]=117


Intensive, antibacterial and gentle skin

cleansing with an anti-pimple effect and

intensive care effect with a pH value of 5.5Aqua, Cocamidopropyl Betainamide MEA Chloride, Cocotrimonium Methosulfate, Sodium Lactate, Panthenol, Parfum, Phenoxyethanol- See more at:[showUid]=117#sthash.XY1ICl08.dpuf


Intensive, antibacterial and gentle skin

cleansing with an anti-pimple effect and

intensive care effect with a pH value of 5.5Aqua, Cocamidopropyl Betainamide MEA Chloride, Cocotrimonium Methosulfate, Sodium Lactate, Panthenol, Parfum, Phenoxyethanol- See more at:[showUid]=117#sthash.XY1ICl08.dpuf


Intensive, antibacterial and gentle skin

cleansing with an anti-pimple effect and

intensive care effect with a pH value of 5.5Aqua, Cocamidopropyl Betainamide MEA Chloride, Cocotrimonium Methosulfate, Sodium Lactate, Panthenol, Parfum, Phenoxyethanol- See more at:[showUid]=117#sthash.XY1ICl08.dpuf



Intensive, antibacterial and gentle skincleansing with an anti-pimple effect andintensive care effect with a pH value of 5.5

Ingredients: Aqua, Cocamidopropyl Betainamide MEA Chloride, Cocotrimonium Methosulfate, Sodium Lactate, Panthenol, Parfum, Phenoxyethanol

Face Secrets Facial Cleansing Brush

Olay - Professional Pro-X Advanced Cleansing System

cleanser called Dermamed's Herbal Cleanser it has. SA2%, green tea extract, water, vegetable glycerin as its ingredients only.

Rosehip + Hibiscus Facial Serum




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